Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid does not produce enough important hormones. The disease occurs in both men and women with unpredictable complications such as goiter, infertility, edema . Therefore, it is necessary to have timely intervention methods to avoid consequences.
If hypothyroidism is not detected and treated in time, it will cause many troubles that affect the quality of life.
This is the first and most common complication of hypothyroidism. After a long process, the thyroid gland must try to work to produce deficient hormones, which can lead to enlarged thyroid.
There have been studies linking hypothyroidism to various complications such as abnormal heart rhythms, increased cholesterol levels and fluid accumulation around the heart, or pericardial effusion.
Hypothyroidism can lead to a decrease in cardiac performance, increased systemic vascular resistance, decreased arterial elasticity and increased atherosclerosis.
If thyroid hormone deficiency is too low, it can affect the menstrual cycle and ovulation. If it happens for a long time will lose the ability to conceive and cause infertility in women.
For unfortunate pregnant women, the chance of birth defects is very high. That's why experts recommend that people have regular checkups, especially the thyroid.
For mild neurological symptoms can be detected in subclinical hypothyroidism. For people with such symptoms, thyroid function testing is required.
For children and adolescents, if the thyroid is underperforming, they may face problems such as delayed puberty, underdeveloped intelligence, decreased academic performance, irregular menstruation .
When hypothyroidism causes aches and pains, paralysis due to metabolic and hormone secretion, the limbs become numb. People with hypothyroidism often feel tired, limbs and fatigue, so it is difficult to exercise and affect the daily life.
Peripheral neuropathy is often caused by diabetes but can also be provoked by hypothyroidism. This disorder causes damage to the peripheral nerves - nerves that connect the brain, spinal cord and the rest of the body.
This is a common complication. The patient may notice abnormal swelling of the face, nose and hands. If this condition persists, it can lead to other symptoms such as: nervous breakdown, drowsiness, decreased body temperature.
If an underactive thyroid is not treated in pregnancy, there is a risk of problems such as:
Poorly functioning thyroid gland can lead to a life-threatening condition called myxoedema coma. This is where the thyroid hormone levels are very low, causing symptoms such as confusion, hypothermia and fatigue.
Patients who are comatose due to hypothyroidism need intensive care and treatment in the intensive care unit. Regarding medication, high doses of thyroid hormone and glucocorticoid are required.
Hyperthyroidism - Causes, symptoms and treatment
Signs of thyroid disease are easily confused with everyday fatigue