2016 is becoming a time of witnessing a turning point in global climate, the following single events are becoming more evident than ever.
Oceans around the world are acting strangely in recent times. While some marine organisms are booming (like octopus), others shrink (like humpback whales), and still other species are literally melting.
Whether the cause is due to El Nino, Blob or climate change phenomenon, these events only show that our human connections and understanding of marine ecosystems are too little and too poor. The deep sea is still a dark place and full of mysteries.
Humpback whales often appear in the waters off Hawaii in the winter, due to the warm waters of the region. But this year, surveys in Hawai'I have shown that humpback whales have decreased by a third from the number of 2010, when the latest survey was conducted. In addition, only a few groups have whales with them.
Whale experts still do not know why this year is so strange, even though some people suspect that the temperature of the oceans changes due to the strong El Nino phenomenon that could play a role.
The baby starfish are producing like crazy. They also look lovely. But it is also strange when a virus has appeared and devastated the sea in recent times. In 2013, scientists along the Pacific coast began to see starfish melting - literally - in the number of thousands.
The cause seems to be a densovirus, which has been around for decades but has only recently begun to cause such devastating activities. However, no one has completely explained why this disease suddenly erupted as well as the explosive growth of child starfish over time.
This time you can blame the human race - but not cause the decline - but due to the explosion in the number of octopus, cuttlefish, squid, also known as mollusks. Scientists look at the long-term catch rate, and have recognized a large population growth of these species over the past 60 years.
It may be due to climate change - warming oceans can speed up the life cycle of mollusks. Or it may be because humans have caught too many fish, so the mollusks have increased rapidly to fill the gap in the ecosystem.
Winter is the Dungeness stone crab season off California's beach, but this year, crabs are heavily poisoned. The series of events that explain this phenomenon take place as follows: unusual weather patterns create warm waters in the Pacific Ocean.
This caused a large explosion of toxic algae, causing the crab to be poisoned when ingested by these algae. It seems that those warm waters are the main culprits for the phenomenon, but what causes those warm waters? Nobody knows.
This year, all over the world, corals are turning white. Corals are often formed based on symbiotic relationships between small polyps and algae. While polyps form the form of hard bones for corals, algae provide food for polyps and give them vibrant colors.
When the oceans become too hot, whether due to climate change or El Nino, polyps are expelling algae from themselves and eventually dying of starvation.