7 principles when using antibiotics

To use antibiotics effectively and avoid drug resistance, remember to take it as directed by your doctor, use the right type at the right time .

According to pharmacist Huynh Phuong Thao, Head of the Department of Pharmacy and Hospital for Tropical Diseases in Ho Chi Minh City, every year, hundreds of thousands of people die from drug resistance and each country loses from 0.4 to 1.6% of GDP. prevention of drug resistance. The World Health Organization and international agencies have pointed out that antibiotics are a serious threat, but also a future treatment challenge.

In Vietnam, most clinics are facing the spread of many antibiotics. The main reason for the increase is the use of arbitrary antibiotics without a doctor's prescription, people voluntarily buy antibiotics in pharmacies. Many pharmacists sell drugs in contravention of regulations.


Dr Thao said, antibiotics are antibacterial substances created by strains of microorganisms, which inhibit the growth of other microorganisms. To ensure proper use of drugs, it is necessary to master the knowledge related to antibiotics, pathogenic bacteria and patients.

It should be noted the disadvantages of using antibiotics such as pre-use of drugs, allergic sites of patients, always ready to provide anaphylactic shock when using antibiotics. Besides, clinical monitoring is necessary, especially for patients with impaired liver and kidney function. Special attention should be paid to the group of child patients, nursing mothers, the elderly, people who are using a lot of drugs.

Herbalist Thao said the unwanted effects of using antibiotics such as diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, tanning, headache, insomnia.

Seven principles when using antibiotics

  • Choose antibiotics and reasonable dosage.
  • Use prophylactic antibiotics, ie before infection.
  • Use antibiotic treatment according to experience.
  • Use antibiotics when there is microbiological evidence.
  • Choose how to use the medicine.
  • Treatment time.
  • Note undesirable effects and toxicity when using antibiotics.

For the sick

  • Do not use antibiotics without a doctor's prescription.
  • Adherence indicates the use of antibiotics such as adequate medication, on time.
  • See patients right away when there are abnormal signs.
  • Being aware of the proper use of antibiotics will limit the problem.