"91% of rural people arbitrarily use antibiotics", Mr. Cao Hung Thai, Deputy Director of the Department of Medical Examination and Treatment, Ministry of Health, informed at the communication ceremony on communication on prevention and combat medicines in Vietnam in 2016, held on November 30 morning in Hanoi.
According to Mr. Thai, most medical examination and treatment facilities in Vietnam are facing the speed of spreading antibiotic resistant bacteria. In addition, the rate of antibiotic use in Vietnam is very high, 50% of medical examination and treatment costs in medical facilities are for pre-treatment drugs, of which antibiotics account for 33%.
While developed countries still use generation 1 antibiotics, Vietnam has used antibiotics of generations 3 and 4.
According to a new study by the Ministry of Health, the use of antibiotics by rural people is up to 91%, while in urban areas it is 88%. The burden of drug resistance is increasing due to increased treatment costs, long treatment days, affecting the health of patients, communities and the general development of society. Every year millions of people die for drug resistance, including 1.4 million children and spend hundreds of billions of dollars on drug resistance.
According to estimates by experts, it is expected that by 2050, there will be about 10 million deaths a year due to drug resistance, which is much higher than the death from cancer or diabetes today.
WHO warns that Vietnam is now ranked among the countries with the highest rates of antibiotic resistance. The situation of drug resistance does not only occur in medicines for TB, malaria, pneumonia . but also for HIV / AIDS prophylaxis, new generation antibiotics. This is why WHO and other international agencies point out that antibiotics are a serious threat, a challenge to future treatment.
Prof. Dr. Nguyen Viet Tien, Deputy Minister of Health, said the Ministry of Health has set up a network to monitor drug-resistant bacteria in medical examination and treatment facilities in the period of 2016-2020 with 16 hospitals participating in key surveillance. about drug resistance.
These units perform sampling (blood, urine, stool, genital tract, urinary tract), routine culture, identification and antimicrobial resistance. The network is also responsible for analyzing and reporting national data on drug resistance including: monitoring of drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria related to human infections; the emergence of new and / or unusual drug resistant bacteria; monitor the severity, spread and epidemiological problems of drug-resistant bacteria . This information will be provided to medical facilities, communities and international networks.