Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

Betadine is one of the most commonly used antiseptics in medicine. It is highly effective, so it is safe to use. The article will provide you with essential information about betadine.

Betadine is one of the most commonly used antiseptics in medicine. It is highly effective, so it is safe to use. The article will provide you with essential information about betadine.

Betadine: Nature, use, use, side effects

  • What is Betadine?
  • What is the nature of betadine?
  • Which Betadine is used?
  • What are the side effects of betadine?
  • Contraindications of betadine
  • Dosage and administration of some common betadine preparations
    • Betadine solution 10%
    • Dry powder to spray 2.5%
    • Mouthwash solution 1%
    • 200mg vaginal tablets
    • Drug interactions

What is Betadine?

Betadine is an antiseptic that works to prevent and treat infections. Betadine has an international common name as Povidone iodine.

Picture 1 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

Picture 1 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency


Betadine is an antiseptic.

Betadine preparations on the market today like:

  • Alcoholic 10%, 500 ml bottle.
  • Spray aerosol powder 2.5%, 100 ml bottle.
  • 1% mouthwash, 250 ml vial.
  • 10% fat, 20 grams and 80 grams.
  • Percutaneous solution 7.5%, 250 ml plastic vial.
  • 4% shampoo, 250 ml plastic bottle.
  • 10% vaginal wash solution, plastic bottle 250 ml.
  • 10% vaginal gel, 80 g vial.
  • 200mg vaginal tablets.

Picture 2 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

Picture 2 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

What is the nature of betadine?

Betadine is a complex of iodine combined with polyvinylpyrrolidon (povidone), containing 9-12% iodine, easily soluble in water and in alcohol. Povidone is used as an iodine carrier. Betadine solution releases iodine gradually, thus prolonging the effect of killing bacteria, viruses, fungi, unicellular animals, cocoons and spores. Therefore, the effect of the drug is less than that of free iodine preparations, but has the advantage of being less toxic.

Which Betadine is used?

Betadine is often used in the following cases:

  • Skin and mucosal infections.
  • Skin and mucous wounds such as scratching the skin, mucous membranes, etc.
  • Oral fungus.
  • Dental hygiene.
  • Antiseptic skin and mucosa before performing surgery, surgery to prevent infection.
  • Clean medical equipment before sterilization .

What are the side effects of betadine?

Picture 3 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

Picture 3 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency


When using betadine in large wounds or severe burns, strong betadine absorption into the body.

Like all drugs, betadine can still have side effects. The reason is that the iodine content in betadine is absorbed through the skin into the body so it can be toxic to the body. This ability is rare, but it can happen, especially when using betadine in large wounds or severe burns that will cause strong absorption of betadine into the body. Some of the side effects of betadine include:

  • Local irritation causes dermatitis, spotting hemorrhage, salivary gland inflammation .
  • Metabolic acidosis, hypernatremia, kidney damage can cause kidney failure.
  • Respiratory: dyspnea due to pulmonary edema.
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms: metallic taste in the mouth, increased salivation, mouth pain, stomach pain, diarrhea.
  • Eyes: cause conjunctivitis, conjunctival congestion.
  • Thyroid: can cause hypothyroidism or thyroid poisoning.
  • Hematology: granulocytopenia.
  • Nerves: seizures, seizures (in prolonged users).
  • Pregnant women: using betadine can cause hypothyroidism, congenital goiter, hyperthyroidism in newborns.

Contraindications of betadine

Betadine should not be used in the following cases because of possible side effects:

  • History of allergy to iodine.
  • There are thyroid disorders, especially goiter, circulating goiter and Hashimoto thyroiditis.
  • Pregnancy and lactation because betadine can affect thyroid development, cause thyroid disorders in children.
  • In case of eardrums or direct use on the meninges, the cavity is severely damaged.
  • Young children under 2 years old, especially infants, preterm, low birth weight (less than 1.5 kg) can cause hypothyroidism.
  • Caution should be exercised when using betadine: in cases of frequent betadine use, in patients with renal impairment or under lithium treatment.

Picture 4 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

Picture 4 of Betadine - Antiseptic with many uses, high efficiency

Dosage and administration of some common betadine preparations

Betadine is mainly used on the spot and outside the body. The dose depends on the type of drug and the concentration as well as the position on the body and the infection status.

Betadine solution 10%

For adults and children over 2 years old.

Apply 10% betadine solution to the skin to kill pathogenic bacteria and prevent bacterial growth. Apply 2 times a day and can apply clean gauze to the lesion for better results.

Dry powder to spray 2.5%

For adults and children over 2 years old.

Shake the betadine vial thoroughly before use, spray the area of ​​the lesion from a distance of 15 to 20 cm until the powder is covered and can apply to the wound. Do not spray betadine into the mucosal cavities.

Mouthwash solution 1%

For adults and children over 6 years old

Use betadine solution without dilution or dilute half with warm water. Each mouthwash is about 10 ml for about 30 seconds, absolutely do not swallow. Can gargle 4 times a day and may last up to 14 days.

200mg vaginal tablets

For adults.

Put morning and evening, 1 tablet at a time, use continuously for 14 days. Before placing deep in the vagina, the pill must be moistened with clean water so that the medicine diffuses well and does not cause local irritation. Still continue to use when menstruation is in progress.

Drug interactions

If you are taking other drugs, betadine may alter other drug effects or change its effect itself. Tell your treating doctor about all the medicines you are taking so that your doctor can check for drug interactions for you. Betadine can often interact with drugs: Chlorhexidine or silver sulphadiazine so you should not share betadine with these drugs.

Note: Information on drugs and brand names on Khoahoc.tv Website is for reference only. Consult your doctor before deciding to treat any medicine to bring about good and safe effects for your health.

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