Genetic studies are expected to win this year. Immunology, cancer, and infectious diseases have fewer opportunities.
The Nobel Prize for Medicine has been awarded 216 times from 1901 to 2018. This year, the prize will be announced on October 7.
David Pendlebury of Clarivate Analytics has correctly predicted more than 50 Nobel-winning research projects after analyzing evaluations from researchers.
This year, the study of Wnt signal transmission by Dutch scientist Hans Clevers, University of Utrecht, is predicted by David to be one of the winning studies at the awards ceremony.
John Kappler and Philippa Marrack from the Jewish National Health Center with the discovery of T-cell tolerance, a mechanism that helps the thymus remove T cells when attacked. The results of the study have important implications, giving medical professionals a basic and advanced understanding of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
Analysts say the 2018 Nobel Prize for Medicine honors immunotherapy for cancer treatment, so it may take more than a decade for immunological studies to be awarded. This is sad news for Jacques Miller, who discovered the function of the thymus and demonstrated immune cells including T and B cells in the 1960s.
"A lot of the work is based on the results of Jacques's Nobel Prize, but he's never been honored , " said Phillip Sharp, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), who received the 1993 Nobel Prize in Medicine, talk.
Scientist Jacques Miller.(Photo: University of Melbourne).
Inventions of individual development - a revolutionary combination of genetic engineering and neuroscience - have more chance of winning.
David Allis, Rockfeller University and Michael Grunstein, University of California, USA, discovered how to activate and silence genes in the 1990s, opening further research on epigenetics. Two scientists have received many awards for this work, including the 2018 Lasker Prize and the Gruber Prize in Genetics 2016. It is likely that they will be named in the Nobel Prize for Medicine this year, especially since. Since 2006 no discoveries on gene expression have been awarded.
In addition, the discovery of non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression by Joan Steitz, Yale University, could also help him become the owner of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine. Joan also contributes to finding the process of turning on and off gene.
Ernst Bamberg of the Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Karl Deisseroth at Stanford University and Gero Miesenböck of Oxford University, are also individuals with great discoveries in this field.
David said there are many individual development inventions that have a chance to win this year's Nobel Prize. This makes it difficult for the organizing committee.
Biologist Jason Sheltzer at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is a person who oversees periodic Nobel laureates over the years. He accurately predicted the 2018 Nobel Prize in Medicine, with research on immunotherapy for cancer treatment by scientists James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo.
Jason says every 10 or 20 years, areas like infectious diseases, immunity and cancer will win. He predicted that these three fields will not win the 2019 award.