Gamma rays emanate from cosmic explosions that collide with the Moon, causing Earth's natural satellites to become gamma-contaminated and produce radiation.
Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation coming from outside the Solar System, created by things like supernovae and galactic nuclei (AGN). They are protons that travel throughout the universe, like waves of stars exploding. When these particles touch physical surfaces like the Moon, they become gamma rays.
Gamma rays travel very quickly and are often skewed when they hit a magnetic field, such as the Earth's magnetic field. However, the Moon has no surrounding magnetic field. Therefore, even the weakest cosmic rays reach its surface.
NASA's Fermi Space Telescope has been actively observing the Earth's natural satellites for these gamma rays over time. Recently, Fermi has captured beautiful images of gamma rays in the Moon, which cannot be seen with the naked eye.
NASA's findings point to the fact that if these gamma rays can be seen, we will feel that the Moon is brighter than the Sun. The sun releases most of its energy through many types of rays, including gamma rays.
Moon gamma radiation has become the subject of research by two researchers from the Ytalia National Nuclear Physics Institute, Mario Nicola Mazziotta and Francesco Loparco.
In NASA's press release, the pair of researchers wrote that the Moon does not have any means to divert cosmic radiation. Since then, it has also created fast-moving, charged protons and accidentally becomes a detector.
NASA confirmed that the Moon would be brighter than the Sun, in terms of gamma rays. The organization also said it was important to study the gamma ray environment on the Moon, especially when we were preparing to bring astronauts back again.
Moon gamma rays have extraordinary power. The data collected by Mazziotta and Loparco showed that the Moon's gamma rays have energies of more than 31 million volts, 10 million times more powerful than visible light.
The fact that the Moon emits gamma radiation is a threat to the health of astronauts, who will land on the Moon's surface according to the upcoming Artemis project .