Nearly 21,000 species of plants and animals are about to become extinct

According to the updated Red List of endangered plant and animal species in the world, July 21, nearly 21,000 species are at risk of disappearing from Earth, of which 41% are Amphibians, 33% of coral reefs and 25% of mammals.

Ms. Jane Smart, Chairman of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), organized the above list, said the situation is very alarming, the international community needs to act more urgently and effectively to Preventing the risk of extinction is increasing and threatening all animals and plants on Earth.

According to an updated report, of the 70,294 species inventory on Earth, 20,934 species are "threatened with extinction" , compared with 20,219 species listed on the list last October.

Picture 1 of Nearly 21,000 species of plants and animals are about to become extinct
Tatu - an endangered animal that lives in Northeast Brazil.(Source: AFP / VNA)

IUCN said the introduction of more than 700 species, including freshwater shrimp species, Cape Verde lizards and Santa Cruz finfish into the "Red List" shows a very worrying situation.

According to IUNC experts, an important food source is freshwater fish that are facing threats from unsustainable fishing activities and polluted habitats as well as building dams on Global.

Africa has about a quarter of the world's fishermen and 27% of freshwater fish in the continent are seriously threatened.

Not only freshwater fish, marine fish are also overfished, reducing commercial fish stocks to 90%. More than one-third of rays (commercially valuable fish), including Leopard Ray, are threatened with extinction.

Although more than 275 million people are dependent on coral reef food, 55% of coral reef fisheries have been overexploited, making 18% of grouper threatened.

While plants grow for at least 1/3 of the world's total food, 87 crops provide 113 top foods depending on pollination by insects, bats and birds. But these species are also threatened, including 16% of endemic European butterflies, 18% of bats, 13% of endangered birds and 4 endangered hummingbirds.

Not only help pollinate, bats and birds also help control insect populations to prevent them from destroying crops and spreading disease.