The last giant mammoth existed on Earth 4,000 years ago, on a remote island in the Arctic Ocean.
According to CNN, studying the extinction of this ancient elephant could help save the lives of today's creatures from similar outcomes.
The last mammoths existed until about 4,000 years ago.
The mammoths lived longer than their counterparts in other regions thanks to migrating to remote islands, the new study said. They can even live longer, if they do not face events that affect water and food.
The bone sample reveals the cause of the death of the last mammoth.
Giant mammoths once existed throughout the northern hemisphere. The ice age ended, causing a warming phenomenon 15,000 years ago that caused the elephant population to decline significantly, causing them to migrate to remote areas in the north.
Some survived for another 10,000 years before being completely exterminated. To find out about the last mammoths, the Finnish, Russian and German researchers collected mammoth bones in Canada, Alaska, Siberia and Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean.
Warngel Island, where the team found mammoth fossils.
They found that mammoths living on Wrangel Island lasted the longest . They survive despite facing food and water shortages. Only extinguished by drinking water contaminated with metal or by human influence.
Mammoths do not have a chance to survive when cornered, but there is still room for other species today, the team said. Studying the biological properties of mammoths on Wrangel island and what makes them disappear will help conservationists prevent other creatures from suffering the same fate.