The Pharaoh Merneith, Hatshepsut, Cleopatra . have contributed to "branding" for ancient Egypt.
>>> The10 greatest Pharaohs in history
It is possible to call the Egyptian emperors Pharaoh by Pharaoh (ancient Egyptian meaning "great house" ) which is a common title to refer to kings in ancient Egyptian history. They are the rulers, build the country, expand the territory, erect palaces, tombs, leaving the splendid traces of an Egyptian empire that once existed .
In the flow of world history, it is not uncommon for a ruling queen to be rare, but in general it is still much less than male rulers.
And without exception, ancient Egypt also existed many beautiful Pharaoh women, who were powerful and contributed greatly to the society, contributing to turning the wheel of history. Let's review some of the most famous Egyptian Pharaohs in the past.
Merneith is considered the first female Pharaoh in Egyptian history. She is the legendary queen of the First Dynasty (the first dynasty after the Upper and Lower Egypt united).
Image of Queen Merneith.
The cap of the tomb of the Pharaoh Merneith.
According to some records, she ruled Egypt around the 30th century BC. She is the wife of Pharaoh Djet and the mother of the Pharaoh Den. Traces of this Pharaoh's existence are few, mostly from her tomb discovered by experts at Umm el-Qa'ab.
Queen Sobekneferu or Neferusobek (meaning "beauty of Sobek ") - originates from the name of Sobek god - an important crocodile god of ancient Egypt.
According to many records, she was the daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhat III of the twelfth dynasty - the last great king of the dynasty.
After Pharaoh Amenemhat III died, the splendid shadow of the twelfth dynasty also quickly faded, the next pharaohs could not maintain stability and prosperity anymore.
Instead of her father, she came to power, ruling Egypt for four years from 1806 BC - 1802 BC and then died without a follow-up prince. The twelfth dynasty from here quickly collapsed, ancient Egypt fell into a period of chaos and darkness.
Hatshepsut (1508 - 1458 BC) was the eldest daughter of King Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose, the first king and queen of the Thutmoside family of the thirteenth dynasty.
After his father died in 1493 BC, Hatshepsut married his half-brother, Thutmose II, and received the title of Queen.
When Thutmose II died, Thutmose III was too young to be able to run the country, Hatshepsut became Egypt's first female Pharaoh, holding full kingship with the respect of contemporary religious leaders.
During 21 years of reign - longer than any female Pharaoh, she has made Egypt a powerful, prosperous and wealthy nation.
The one who succeeded the mighty power of the Egyptian empire under Hatshepsut was Thutmose III - 'the king of war'. He expanded Egypt territory by countless large and small conquests.
Hatshepsut is also described as a famous beautiful queen, hailed as one of the "most beautiful women" of ancient Egypt.
After taking power, Thutmose III smashed Hatshepsut's tomb to find ways to erase her image in the minds of the Nile people.
Cleopatra VII (69 BC - 30 BC) is the last female Pharaoh of Egypt and one of the most famous queens of all time.
She is famous for her beauty, intelligence, sharpness and scandal. Being able to speak 9 languages, Cleopatra enjoyed a very comprehensive education, was empowered and revealed leadership skills very early.
It was her beauty, her charm and her intelligence that conquered the two powerful dictators of the Roman empire Julius Ceasar and later Marcus Antonius. Both of them were "deadly tired" of the Egyptian queen.
Create Cleopatra image in the movie.
Finally, during the war for power in Rome after the Caesar died, Antonius was defeated by Augustus. Antonius used his sword to kill himself. Because of supporting his lover, when Antonius died, too painful, pessimistic and desperate, she committed suicide.
She was the last queen of the Ptolemy kingdom of the Greeks in Egypt. It is the beauty and the stories surrounding her that have become an almost endless source of inspiration for art, literature, music and cinema.