An estimated 63,000 Americans are poisoned each year by Bacillus cereus, the bacteria that causes fried rice syndrome.
Professor Philip Tierno, a microbiologist at the Langone Medical University in New York (USA) has issued a warning about "fried rice syndrome" , a form of food poisoning that occurs due to a type of bacteria that likes to attack sperm. flour, in which rice is their favorite.
According to research recently published in the scientific journal Frontiers in Microbiology, 63,000 Americans suffer each year because of the "fried rice syndrome" , even though the country is not one of the " favorite rice-eating countries " . on the world. And this is just the tip of the iceberg because many people who suffer from this syndrome are at a low level simply lying down, looking for ways to fight nausea, diarrhea and not going to the doctor.
According to Professor Tierno, the reason for calling it "fried rice syndrome " is that fried rice is often a food that easily contains Bacillus cereus - the culprit of this syndrome . Bacillus cereus is a bacterium that releases toxins that cause food poisoning and as mentioned above, rice dishes are their biggest goal. The fried rice is usually the last remaining cold rice of the meal, or if the new rice is also cooled for a few hours before it is fried, it is likely that Bacillus cereus will survive and multiply.
This bacterium secretes up to 2 types of toxins. One kind of secretion is in our small intestine when we eat the dish with bacteria, causing the patient to have diarrhea, cramps, and nausea. Symptoms start 6-15 hours after eating. The second toxin is secreted by bacteria in food before eating, causing vomiting and nausea for 30 minutes to 6 hours after eating.
Symptoms usually subside after 1 day with people with normal health. The risk of complications is low and only occurs in people with compromised immune systems, surgery or intravenous medications, including meningitis, necrosis and cellulitis.
According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, the way to deal with the bacteria that causes "fried rice syndrome " is to keep food hot before eating (above 60 degrees Celsius) and cold food (below 4 degrees Celsius).
Professor Tierno warns that any dish should not be "forgotten" in room temperature for more than 2 hours and before eating a dish that has been cooled, it must be reheated. Many people have a habit of letting the rice cool for too many hours so that the rice does not stick when fried and that is why even though it is hot, Bacillus cereus is not destroyed.
When you have a mild level of "fried rice syndrome", you need to rest and drink fluids to wait for your body to flush out the toxins .