Generated fuel has outstanding advantages such as less, clean and no emissions that are harmful to the environment.
Scientists at University College, London, UK have found a way to turn household waste into daily life, becoming a kind of low-carbon biologic compound , replacing the above fuel. types of aircraft. According to the researchers, the fuel products created have outstanding advantages such as fuel saving, clean and no emissions that are harmful to the environment.
Dr. Massimiliao Materazzi, a University of London research team, said the main idea of the process was to collect un-metabolized fuel (RDF) from household waste, then turn it into a natural simulation. fossil data for aircraft.
'The principle to turn RDF into aircraft gasoline is to let RDF react strongly to oxygen at high temperatures, in a reactor called a Gas Transformer. This process turns RDF into synthetic gas. Specifically, this gas is the synthesis of hydrogen gas, carbon monoxide, which are the basic components of the biofuel refining principle ' - Dr. Massimiliao Materazzi shared with Reuters.
Although still in the process of testing, scientists in the research group are very optimistic about the effect of the research results, on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions into the environment.
Dr. Massimiliano Materazzi added: 'All kinds of organic matter that decompose produce methane gas. This gas causes 20 times the greenhouse effect of CO2. Therefore, burying garbage is just a matter of avoiding the problem. Finding a way to extract the energy from garbage and can bring that energy into use is the most ideal way to solve this problem. '
Dr. Materazzi and his colleagues are very optimistic about the progress of research, because this study uses available technologies. As expected, the first test flight for the new fuel will be conducted by 2020 and the fuel will be commercialized by 2025.
The team is also planning to build an energy conversion plant near landfill sites, to minimize shipping costs.
Burial is currently the most popular waste treatment method in the UK, the country discharges enough waste to produce 3.5 million tons of sustainable aviation fuel each year, meeting 30% of the country's aviation demand.
Dr. Materazzi believes that, by producing carbon-neutral fuels and reducing greenhouse gases from landfills, the technology is more meaningful than a sustainable fuel source.
'The more low-carbon biofuels are created, the more we can fly with these clean, sustainable fuels, and the world is gradually becoming cleaner' - Dr. Materazzi concluded.
Earlier, in 2017, British Airways also announced plans to build a series of domestic waste treatment plants, to turn these discarded materials into sustainable fuels, supplied to aircraft. of the company in the next 10 years. Under the plan, the first factory, which will handle hundreds of thousands of tons of domestic waste each year, including diapers, plastic containers for food and chocolate wrappers. These types of waste should be buried or incinerated, but will be converted into sustainable fuels and will not generate dust and toxic gases when burned.
British Airways expects the plant will produce enough fuel to operate all of its 787 Dreamliner aircraft, on routes from London, England, to US cities of San Jose and New Orleans in 1 year.
Furthermore, the fuel produced at the plant will contribute to a 60% reduction in greenhouse gases compared to conventional fossil fuels. This initiative also helps the company fulfill its commitment to reduce emissions by 50% by 2050.