Each year about 7 million people worldwide die from cardiovascular diseases that cause heart attacks and other problems, stroke is the leading cause of death in the world. So what happens when a heart attack occurs?
First learn the cause first!
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Like other muscles, the heart needs oxygen and when there is not enough oxygen needed, a heart attack occurs.The amount of fat builds up atherosclerosis on the coronary artery walls - blood vessels that provide some oxygen-rich blood to the heart.These plaques get bigger and bigger as we age and gradually narrow the arteries.
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Finally, atheroma can become an obstacle.If one of the plaque breaks, a blood clot forms around it in just a few minutes and blocks the flow of blood causing clogging and myocardial infarction.
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Blood circulation to the heart muscle is interrupted and within a few minutes, oxygen-deficient cells begin to die.If not treated, the condition can deteriorate quickly.Damaged muscles may not pump blood and lead to arrhythmias.In the worst case, myocardial infarction can lead to sudden death.
How do you know when you have a heart attack?
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The most common symptom is chest pain caused by a lack of oxygen in the heart muscle.The patient felt like being strangled.It can spread to the left arm, jaw, back and abdomen.But not always as unexpected and dramatic as in the movie.Some cases experience nausea or difficulty breathing.
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Symptoms may be harder to detect in women and older people because they are mistaken for normal fatigue.And most dangerous, in quite a lot of people, especially those with diabetes and neuropathy, heart attacks can happen quietly.
What to do when there are symptoms of heart attack?
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If you suspect someone may be having a heart attack, the most important thing is to have an emergency immediately to get them to the hospital quickly.Here, the doctor will take Aspirin (blood thinning drug) and Nitroglycerin (arterial dilator) to keep the heart attack from becoming more serious.
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In the emergency room, doctors can diagnose a heart attack by using electrocardiograms to measure cardiac muscle activity and blood tests to assess heart muscle damage.The patient was then taken to the high-tech cardiac clinic where tests were performed to determine the location of the blockage.
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Common ways to treat coronary artery disease include: balloon angioplasty, stent placement surgery (put into a metal or plastic support frame to keep the arteries open).
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But if severe obstruction may require coronary artery bypass surgery.The surgery that connects a vein or artery from another part of the body (usually in the arms and legs) causes blood flow through another pathway to the heart to help restore circulation and restore heart function.
Prevention is better than cure
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Treatment for heart attack has made progress but prevention is still the best.Both genetic and lifestyle factors affect the risk of heart attack.So you can change your lifestyle to prevent this dangerous disease, exercise, eating healthy and losing weight can both reduce the risk of a heart attack, regardless of whether you have been there before. .
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Doctors recommend exercising several times a week, performing strength training exercises.A heart-healthy diet with low levels of sugar and saturated fat.Eat lots of fiber, chicken and fish, limit eating red meat, butter and sugar, in addition to grains and nuts such as walnuts and almonds are beneficial.
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Medicine may also help prevent heart attacks.Doctors often prescribe low-dose aspirin, especially for patients with heart attacks and those at high risk.Drugs that help control risk factors such as blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes also reduce the likelihood of a heart attack.
Heart attack may be common but not preventable.A healthy diet, reasonable exercise plan, avoiding tobacco use, getting enough sleep, and happy life, doing all of these things will help you ensure a healthy cardiovascular system!