10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved

Archaeological mysteries always contain many interesting things. People are always curious about things that belong to history but there are still many mysteries from ancient times that have not been solved, waiting for scientists to discover.

Paracas candle lights

Picture 1 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(photo: Ibtimes).

Geoglyph is a giant figure on the ground. The most famous of them are the Nazca lines in the desert in Peru. However, not far away, about 200km from the Nazca plains, there is a Geoglyph even more mysterious.

Paracas candle lamp icon was discovered on the hillside in Pisco bay, eastern Peru. This is a geoglyph with a width of up to 180m. Although they are very close to the Nazca line, they are not created by the Nazca people .

The ancient pottery discovered here dates back to 200 BC, most likely this drawing comes from Paracas culture. Locals see Paracas candelabra as a staff stick of the ancient god of Viracocha creation . But many others propose a more realistic idea. This drawing is located on a hill, angled and sized big enough to be viewed from a distance of 20km from the coast, so this is a landmark for sailors.

Uffington white horse symbol

Picture 2 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: hows.org.uk).

The symbol of Uffington white horse, 114m in length, is located on a hill near Uffington, a small village in Oxfordshire, England. It was created by digging deep trenches and filling with chalk.

This image looks like the drawings on the Bronze Age coins. Nearby are burial mounds of the Neolithic period, they were reused until the Saxon period, making some people believe that the image of white horses is not as old as previously thought.

In Travel Journal, in 1677, Thomas Baskerville was the first to record a horse kept by local people in good condition. According to legend, this is the place where St. George helped them eliminate an evil dragon, blood flowing into a dragon, making the grass impossible to grow. So far, the true origin of the Uffington white horse symbol is still a mystery, waiting for scientists to discover.

The ancient book Liber linteus Zagrabiensis

Picture 3 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: SpeedyGonsales / Wikimedia)

Latin is also called the 'Linen Book of Zagreb'. This is the longest piece of text written in Etrusca , a language of great influence in the world, but lost when Latin appeared. Currently, there are only a few old documents mentioning it and most of the book content has not been translated.

From what can be gathered from the book, it is thought that this is a ritual calendar , originally thought to be a book about burial rites. Surprisingly, this ancient document still exists today even though it originated in the 3rd century BC. The material of the book is made of linen, the fabric used to wrap mummies in ancient Egypt.

Painting on stone

Picture 4 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: National Parks Service).

Many ancient cultures in America still contain countless secrets, and one way to decipher them is to study pictures of rocks.

The area near the river Tecos in Texas (USA) has many old paintings , in which the 'White Shaman' is considered the oldest and related to an ancient religion that has disappeared. The painting is about 7m long, dating back 4,000 years. There is a lot of controversy about the meaning around this rock painting. Most archaeologists think the artwork depicts five characters in a battle or a ritual in some battle, but others believe they are communicating with the spiritual world.

Sajama lines

Picture 5 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: University of Pennsylvania).

Anyone impressed with the Nazca lines and Paracas in Peru candle lights should learn more about Sajama lines in Bolivia. Sajama consists of thousands to tens of thousands of lines ranging from one to three meters wide and the length can be up to 18 km, their area covering nearly 7.5 km square, 15 times larger than the famous Nazca line.

There are very few studies on Sajama lines, the process of assessing their true scale is difficult.

Recently, with the help of satellite images, people began to study more carefully about them. Although running through many rough terrain and natural obstacles, these lines are still surprisingly straightforward . There is no record of anything related to Sajama, most likely they belong to prehistoric times , built by countless generations.

The purpose of creating lines above is still a mystery. They may be indicative lines, burial sites or some astronomical meaning.

Letters written on clay plate Tartaria

Picture 6 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: rovasirasforrai.hu).

Three small clay tablets found in a village in Romania may be the earliest form of writing ever discovered. Most archaeologists believe that the development of writing takes place independently in many regions of the world between 3,500 and 3,100 BC.

The earliest example is the handwriting that appeared in Sumerian culture in Mesopotamia. The words written on the clay plate Tartaria are older than the discoveries of writing about 2,000 years ago. In this case, the earliest script belongs to the civilization of Vinca , living throughout southeastern Europe between the years 5,500 and 4,500 BC.

Blythe carvings

Picture 7 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: Ron Gilbert).

Blythe giant carvings are a collection of many geolyphs (giant figures) found in the Colorado desert near Blythe, California, USA. They describe images of animals, geometric forms and giant figures (about 50m largest). The true scale of these engravings was first discovered in 1932 from the air.

The figures above can be created by Quechan or Mojave people in this area. Some of them are more likely to represent important figures in their respective cultures, such as the representation of Mastamho and Kataar, the two creative gods of Mojave culture. There is very little information available to ascertain them. The mysteries of these giant engravings are still a big question.

The death of Alexander the Great

Picture 8 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: listverse).

Although Alexander the Great is one of the most famous figures in history, however, there are many mysteries surrounding his death.

The recorded historical documents, after a night of feasting, celebrated the glorious victory of conquering India, Alexander the Great returned home in a state of soft drunk and began to experience high fever. He was mesmerized for 12 days and died.

Most experts agreed on the time and place of his death, on June 10, 323 BC in Babylon, but the cause of his death was unclear.

For a long time, Alexander was thought to be poisoned by his generals, wives or brothers. What is certain is that Alexander falls ill suddenly, spending two weeks in bed with a high fever and abdominal pain before he dies.

There is also another theory that he has a contagious disease of typhoid or malaria . More mysteriously, his death was heralded by the Chaldean people. They warned that if he entered Babylon he would lose his life.

Not only that, an Indian philosopher named Calanus accompanied Alexander's army, before dying on his bed telling Alexander that the two would meet again in Babylon.

Minaret Tower

Picture 9 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved
(Photo: Wikipedia).

Minaret Tower in Jam of Afghanistan is an ancient and mysterious architecture . The tower is 64m high and was built with baked bricks in the 12th or 13th century. Minaret Tower is a landmark marking the ancient land of the city of Firukuh, the Ghurid dynasty capital. The territory of this dynasty is now Afghanistan, eastern Iran, northern India and part of Pakistan. So far, the exact construction period and purpose of the Minaret tower still contains many mysteries, which need to be explored.

Emerald stone

Picture 10 of 10 archaeological mysteries have not been solved (Photo: Listverse).

The Emerald Stone is probably the most mysterious object in the list, because it no longer exists as other artifacts. The first document mentions Emerald in an Arabic book in the 6th to 8th century. The first Arabic translations suggested that the text originated in ancient Syria . The Latin translation appeared first in the 12th century.

This inscription is written on a blue or emerald slate, fully depicting 13 instructions, explaining the nature and origin of the universe and the role of man in the combination of micro and macro. Specifically, it writes about methods to turn metal into gold as well as to produce immortal elixir.

However, so far it has more philosophical meaning, because no one has ever trained metal into successful gold after reading them.

Reference: Listverse

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