Incredibly miraculous in the waters of the West Coast of the United States
After two decades of restrictions, bottom-floor fishermen on the US West Coast have returned to create a sustainable fishing industry after the government closed fishing grounds in the Pacific to prevent exterminated fish . These fishermen use bottom trawl nets to catch sea perch, Bocaccio fighting fish, flounder and any other fish that live in the bottom.
This ban has made it difficult for fishermen. However, on 1 January 2020, regulators will allow bottom-floor fishing to return to an area three times the size of Rhode Island off the coast of Oregon and California with the consent of advocacy groups. environment. The fishermen and the group are working together to implement a long-term plan to revive the bottom-floor fishing industry while protecting coral reefs that are home to over-exploited species.
An ocean perch has just been pulled off the net.(Photo: AP).
Bottom fish is a word used to refer to dozens of species of fish living in the bottom or the bottom of the sea. Fishing boats often pull heavy nets to catch as many fish as possible. However, this may damage the habitat of the bottom fish.
Since 1976, the federal government has subsidized the construction of fishing vessels to exploit US resources in the West Coast. By the 1980s, the number of ships engaged in bottom fishing increased rapidly. Unlike crabs and trout, the basal fish can be harvested year-round, enabling the port to operate. However, in the late 1990s, scientists began to sound the alarm about diminishing fish stocks.
In 2011, the bottom fishing boats were given quotas for the number of fish they could catch. If this number is exceeded, they must buy quotas from other fishermen. On each voyage, the ship will have to carry people to monitor the number of fish.
After years of implementing the ban, surveys show that the recovery of the bottom fish is 50 years faster than expected and the accidental capture of banned fish has decreased by 80%.
Although the ban has been lifted, the bottom fishing industry is facing new difficulties. The demand for bottom fish accounts for only half of the catch, since the bottom fish have not appeared in the store for a long time, but instead are raised foreign fish such as tilapia.
A bottom-floor fish trade association is trying to change this by attending food festivals and food trade shows to inform chefs and seafood buyers of the industry's recovery. this industry.
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