From toothpaste to GPS, from car seat belts to Google, you may not know, but the things you use every day are the ones that come from universities.
Speaking of scientific research, perhaps most of us will immediately think of the unkempt hair folks, explore and invent monstrous scientific products, far from reality.
But few people know that the normal objects you use every day are the products of graduate students at universities. Let's see the list of such things and be surprised by the creativity of researchers.
The seatbelt that appears on every car today is the creation of Roger Griswold and Hugh DeHaven at the Aviation Safety Research Facility at Cornell University, New York. This creation is perfected by the Volvo automaker and has become a must-have in the car today.
Fluorine toothpaste is not actually invented at university, but it is standardized and upgraded here. Since the 1890s, the idea of fluoride toothpaste has appeared, but later on when Dr. Joseph Muhler at Indiana University came up with a set of FDA-approved standards, this toothpaste was new. Mass production and widespread use as today.
Every time you turn on your phone to locate and find your way on the map, you used GPS that was invented by physicist Ivan Getting at MIT. Starting with the original ideas of radar during World War II, Getting has gradually grown into a global positioning system like today.
Google - technology village giant, a mighty empire that is hard to predict the day of the collapse - was the research product of two students Sergei Brin and Larry Page when they defended their doctorate at the University. Stanford. This product is so successful that they have to temporarily suspend their study and shift to a business path.
Dr. Murray E. Jarvik and his team created the nicotine patch at the University of California in 1991 and now it becomes an indispensable medical product, especially for good athletes. people who often have strong mobilization.
The birth of television or television is associated with the research activities of student Paul Gottlieb Nipkow in Germany at university. In 1884, Nipkow created the original version of today's TV and patented it. It was not until decades that TV was commercialized thanks to the contributions of many other engineers.
Internet plays a very important role in modern life today, you also know this. The Internet was originally just a study done in a university environment, but it helped create numerous other studies.
Most notable is Tim Berners-Lee, who invented the Web system in 1989 in the laboratory of particle physics. This technology docked at MIT to evolve into the World Wide Web as we use it today. The MIT team has helped WWW grow extensively by creating end-to-end devices and standards. There is a cruel fact that Berners-Lee has never been named in his creation patent.
Before the introduction of modern computers in the 21st century, this device has undergone pregnancy and growth in the university environment. The original of the computer developed by Alan Turing is a research product at Cambridge University. In 1946, John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert developed the first multifunctional computer at the University of Pennsylvania. Since then, new computer upgrades and features have been continuously implemented at universities.
The first touch screen was part of the PLATO computer project at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in 1964. Donald Bitzer is the chief researcher of this project, the PLATO project is still focused on developing forever. until 2006.
Solar energy is promised to become a clean energy alternative to fossil fuels, which are nearly exhausted and harmful to the planet's environment, a pioneering product used by MIT. The first house to run solar power was Solar 1, built in the main campus in 1939. At that time, the technology of "grabbing the sun's rays to electricity" was completely unfamiliar, until It has been widely used since decades and become a promising source of clean energy.
Dr. Charles Draper has changed the airline industry by inventing his black box created by him at MIT. With only a small box, this device puts everything needed to fly and records every activity that takes place on the flight. This navigation system not only helps to change the air journey easily and accurately, but also leads to rockets and sets the stage for NASA's Apollo space missions later on.
Mission-carrying nuclear power changes the face of the energy sector, but there are many risks related to safety and military issues. American mathematician J. Ernest Wilkins was the first person to seriously address nuclear and turn this energy into electricity when he worked at the University of Chicago. In his research project, he drew up the design and development of a nuclear reactor and even established its own power company using nuclear.
Polio vaccine is a savior when polio affects almost a generation of children in the mid-20th century. In 1955 at Pittsburgh Medical University, researcher Jonas Salk completely changed the situation. by developing the first polio vaccine. Salk refused to register for patents and let his inventions be used for free, as this could mass produce to minimize and completely eliminate the disease.
Dr. Charles Drew has developed a technique to separate red blood cells and plasma at Columbia University to successfully develop blood preservation techniques , an achievement that helps blood to be stored and given to injured soldiers throughout the world. Second battle, as well as help patients get timely blood supply in peacetime today.
Open-heart surgery techniques developed by Dr. Wilfred G. Bigelow at the University of Toronto, he said that heart surgery is best when the heart has no blood and immobility. This study was successfully applied in 1952, at the University of Minnesota, by Dr. C. Walton Lillehei and Dr. F. John Lewis.
In 1952, doctors at the Harper University Hospital of Wayne University created history when first pairing an artificial heart into a human body. In 1980, this technology took a step further when Dr. Robert Jarvik implanted a permanent artificial heart into the human body at the University of Utah.
The first study on X-rays was done by Ludwig Zehnder, a student at the University of Freiburg. He produced the first images of human bones by shining X-rays through a human body.
Sugar saccharin Saccharin is an artificial sweetener created by Constatin Fahlberg when he was a graduate student at Johns Hopkins University. At this time, Fahlberg discovered an isolated saccharin molecule that invented this compound. Cyclamate artificial sweetener is also created by student Michael Sveda of the University of Illinois.
The lie detector is still used by police until today, the creation of Dr. John A. Larson when he studied at the University of California in 1921. This invention was applied for the first time. at the Berkeley City Police Department.