It is the difference in brain structure, the perfection of the senses and the actual experience, that has led to many interesting differences about how to see the world around children and adults!
Children have a very high imagination and only up to a certain age, they gradually distinguish the boundaries between reality and dreaming. According to scientists, this comes from a lack of practical and cognitive experience to distinguish what is right and what is wrong!
Studies have shown that children under the age of 11 can only think about the facts that happen in the present and cannot think abstractly, conceptualize!
To demonstrate this, let's explore an experiment performed by psychologist Rudolph Schaffer. Here, he asked the children about where they would want to place their third eye. The result is that the majority of children aged 9 and under choose the forehead, because they simply think their current eyes are nearby. In contrast, 11-year-old or older children offer more optimal ideas, such as the palm of their hand, because they deduce that this position will help me to look behind my back.
In contrast to the above disadvantaged traits, children are more likely to learn a language than adults. Explaining this, scientist Linguist Noam Chomsky said that in children, there is a strong development of brain cells used for cognition and a voice, which will stop when children are 10 years old. So this is the golden stage to learn a new language.
There is an interesting fact that children under 1 year old think that things they cannot see will disappear in reality, understand simply and mistakenly: When they close their eyes, everything will melt. follow.
Psychologist Jean Piaget said that people's perception of the existence of all things will depend on their vision / perception according to their age. Therefore, a child who is too young will not have enough experience to realize: What they cannot see will continue to exist.
Scientists claim that a newly born child will not be able to tell the difference between faces. In addition, the baby's eyes cannot adjust the focus now so the object is blurred.
More specifically, an experiment showed results: Children under 6 years of age will not be able to distinguish different faces; At the age of 9, young eyesight will develop enough to distinguish between acquaintances and strangers; At 1 year old, children begin to know how to regulate their eyes to see everything sharp.
In one experiment, a group of 5 to 9 year olds were asked to draw a cup with straps (the children knew this) but were turned in the direction of the straps that were hidden from view. As a result, all babies over the age of seven draw a non-loop cup (which they actually see). Meanwhile, the group of 7-year-olds and younger children added a strap to their painting.
Through this experiment, psychologists conclude the difference between children and adults in painting: When adults are tasked with drawing an object, they will draw exactly what they see; for children they will draw everything that belongs to that object, even if this detail is out of sight.