Russia built an automatic interplanetary station to study the Moon base.
Sputnik on 11 May led the source of knowledge, said Lavochkincó, a science-producing organization, plans to make copies of the automatic interplanetary station Luna-26 and Luna-27 to study the Russian base area. Moon.
"As part of the federal program for a super heavy rocket, the construction of Luna-26/1 and Luna-27/1 ships is planned," the source said.
Luna-27/1 automatic interplanetary ship will be built on the basis of "Luna-27" and landed in the area where Russia plans to establish bases on the Moon in the future.
Luna-26/1 is based on "Luna-26" to relay information from "Luna-27" to Earth.
Events launched at stations Luna-26/1 and Luna-27/1 are scheduled before 2030.
Previously, the Director General of the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) - Mr. Dmitry Rogozin said that the Luna-26 orbiter will be sent to the Moon by 2024, the Luna-27 amphibious ship will be loaded. in 2025.
Luna-26 is responsible for mapping and studying from the Moon's surface. Luna-27 amphibious ship will collect and study the southernmost soil samples.
Currently, Russia has almost completed the Luna-25 lander to test the soft landing technology on the Moon. Russia intends to launch Luna-25 in 2020.
Luna-25 will have to land at the south pole. This will be Russia's first mission on the Moon that Russia will implement after 40 years of interruption. The last Soviet space station in the Soviet era was launched in 1976 and was called Luna-24.
The Luna-25 amphibious ship will be tasked with searching the polar ice of the Moon, as well as testing soft landing technology on this Earth's natural satellite.
To realize the ambition to make the Moon and Earth traffic routes, Russia has expanded cooperation with Europe to participate in Moon research projects.
In January, Anatoly Petrukovich, director of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, revealed that not only the European Space Agency (ESA) was involved, but also the instruments of They will also join Russia in this research project.
Accordingly, European countries have plans to produce and supply to Russia, a total of about 10 scientific and technological equipment for the first three Russian Moon research devices, Luna-25, Luna-26. and Luna-27.
It is known that Russia and China are also planning to exploit this space.
Last April, Deputy Director of the Moon and Space Research Center of China National Space Administration Yu Gobin told Sputnik that Russia and China are studying the possibility of joint discovery. Moon in 2023.
The time when Russia launched its orbit Luna-26 monitoring the Moon from orbit coincides with the plan to launch China's Hang Nga-7 space probe.
"We can observe, share and receive data," Yu Gobin said.
"Russian and Chinese cooperation in space has long begun, we have a subcommittee on space cooperation, including a working group on moon research, our two countries have signed memorandum and agreement, both sides value this cooperation and appreciate it " - Chinese official said.
Russia needs to build a base on the Moon because this will serve to make flights to Mars, director of the Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said Yury Kostitsyn. .
Kostitsyn said that based on Russia's Moon will contain heavy spacecraft to make flights to Mars and orbit stations. Doing a flight to Mars from the Moon will be easier because the Moon's gravity is less than Earth.
Besides, above the Moon there are similar rocks on Earth, so materials can be exploited to build most of the works on the Moon. If compared to Earth's rock, there is a lot of metal in the structure of Moon basalt for more construction structures: aluminum and titanium.
Russia has a plan to deploy a complete base on the Moon in the period from 2036 to 2040.
This base must include modules equipped with a radiation protection and life support system for astronauts, Earth space monitoring centers, energy supply facilities and communications, space for carrying out experiments on processing and use of lunar materials as well as other natural resources, treatment and testing facilities for new space equipment and technologies.
Around the base must arrange a moon observatory.