Archaeologists who discovered ancient civilizations suddenly found a mysterious stone by the river, from here continue to uncover the secret of an ancient city disappeared thousands of years ago.
The rock covered in carvings tells the story of the forgotten king Hartapu , who reigned part of Turkey more than 1,000 years ago, and his victory over the legendary Midas.
A lost mysterious civilization has been rediscovered in southern Turkey.
The mysterious rock shows the way to find the old city.
A large rock is covered with inscriptions in the ancient Luwian script. That encouraged historians to explore the area more closely - leading to the discovery of a 300-acre city. Researchers from the University of Chicago studied a nearby archaeological site in an area called Türkmen-Karahöyük .
Professor James Ostern, specializing in prehistoric Anatolia, a region in modern-day Turkey, in the late second and early millennium BC, said: "We realized the scenario written in Luwian , the language used in the Bronze Age and regional Iron Age.
Luwians are thought by archeologists to be pirates who swept the area around 1,200 BC. "The inscription refers to a king named Hartapu, and a city, possibly his capital, called Türkmen-Karahöyük ."
A local farmer told archaeologists the nearby dredged canal recently revealed the existence of a large stone, marked with an unidentified inscription.
"We could see it was still protruding from the surface of the water, so we jumped right down to the canal to look. It was the ancient Luwian, the language used in the Bronze and Iron Age. in this area, ' said archaeologist James Osborne from the University of Chicago.
With the help of translators, the researchers discovered that the hieroglyph on this ancient stone called the stele spoke of pride in an army victory related to Phrygia, a kingdom. in Anatolia existed about 3,000 years ago.
The Phrygian royal family was ruled by several men named Midas. Based on linguistic analysis, it shows that the stone hieroglyphs can refer to King Midas with the most mysterious 'golden touch ' touch legend in Greek mythology.
The stone inscriptions also contain a special hieroglyph that symbolizes the victory message from another king, a man named Hartapu. The hieroglyphs indicate that Midas was captured by Hartapu's forces.
Importantly, nothing was known about King Hartapu, nor about the kingdom he ruled. However, the stele shows that the giant mound Türkmen-Karahöyük may be the capital city of the old Hartapu, stretching about 121ha during the golden age, the center of the ancient conquest of Midas and Phrygia.
"We have no idea what this kingdom is like. But in the blink of an eye, we have profound new information about the Iron Age Middle East ," Osborne said.
There is a lot of work being done in this archaeological project, and the findings so far are only preliminary.
"Inside this mound will be palaces, monuments, houses. The stele is a miraculous discovery, extremely fortunate, but that is just the beginning ," Osborne stressed.