The work was ordered by Tan Thuy Hoang to build more than 2,000 years ago, making the posterity surprising because it was completed in a very short time and the value was extremely great.
Qin Shihuang is the first emperor in Chinese history, and is also one of the most mysterious characters many researchers and scientists have yet to decipher. Although the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC) only existed for a short period of time, it had a great influence on later dynasties.
Qin Shihuang is one of the most mysterious emperors in Chinese history.
Not only marking thousands of years with contributions to gigantic projects such as the Great Wall of the Great Wall, mysterious silence with more than 8,000 terracotta soldiers and many mysteries that cannot explain, Qin Shihuang's reign surprising the posterity when building a "high-speed" road in ancient times and only taking a very short time .
It was Qinzhidao , the road known as China's ancient highway , which dates back to the Qin Dynasty.
Immediately after reuniting China, besides the Great Wall, the tomb, Qin Shihuang also ordered the construction of a road called Qinzhidao.
Qinzhidao is a mysterious highway built under the reign of Qin Shihuang, the founder of the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 207 BC), and the first emperor in Chinese history.
This ancient road began in Thuan Hoa district of Shaanxi Province and ended in Baotou City in the Inner Mongolia capitalist district, covering an estimated distance of 700km, running through terrain such as plain, mountain, meadows and deserts. It was the first highway in this nation's history and in fact it was completed more than 2,000 years ago.
The ruins, traces of the road, as well as its original footprints and architecture were discovered in 2009. This discovery is considered one of the 10 most typical archaeological discoveries of that year.
However, this road is also a building built to serve the military interests that Qin Shihuang decided to build right from the early years after the reunification of ancient China.
According to the record in the book " Historical Records " by Sima Qian (a famous historian of the Han Dynasty), Emperor Qin Shihuang ordered the construction of a highway stretching from the Shunhua district to Baotou.
Although built more than 2000 years ago, the quality of this road is very good.(Photo: Sina).
However, the construction of this road is not easy and delayed because of complicated terrain. In fact, it takes more than two years to complete the road. Notably, the general assigned to supervise and urge to build this road was killed by Qin Nhi The (son of Qin Shihuang) when the work was still incomplete.
The Qin high-speed road was about 20-60 meters wide and passed through to 14 districts. Although some historians say that the road was built for military purposes, to prevent the invaders, the experts still could not find any record or lake to mention the reason for the work. more than 2,000 years built.
According to the researchers, the mysterious path is the " lifeline" connecting the military defense line in the city of Xianyang and the border area of the Qin Dynasty.
According to experts, if the border defense area is in danger and reports an emergency situation, a contingent of soldiers will be moved quickly from the capital of Xianyang to move to this place in just 3 days. 3 nights thanks to this strategic location.
In particular, the Qin army will only take about a week to prepare the necessary items for the war, including organizing, deploying troops, as well as other necessities such as weapons and food. .
In addition, this highway also plays an important role in connecting the border area with the Ham Duong capital, especially in the cultural and economic fields.
The Qin highways were made of compressed soil . In fact, almost no trees or forests are found on this road, except for some short weeds. Researchers believe that the secret of this strange phenomenon lies in the type of soil used to build the road.
Building a highway on many complex terrain is not easy, but the Qin Dynasty did it in a short time.
Accordingly, in order to create concrete materials for the freeway, all the soil used must be crushed, burned and then compressed together to make it as solid as concrete. This can also make weeds or tree seeds unable to grow and break the path.
The high-speed road of the Qin Dynasty was only built in a very short time more than 2,000 years ago but achieved very good quality, making even the road and bridge experts today be stunned.
However, this work was built not easy. Specifically, a large part of this road was built on the mountain because of geographical reasons. In order to build such a complex topography, ancient builders would have to be skillful in designing, measuring techniques, and geological exploration accurately.
Not only the Qin Dynasty, the highway was ordered by Emperor Qin Shihuang to be built, it was also used frequently through many dynasties and even to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
Specifically, the road is strategically located to allow Truong Khien, a diplomat and an ex-rare explorer in the Western Han period, to facilitate the transmission of information about Central Asia. He is said to have made a particularly great contribution to the opening of the Silk Road and the connection of Han Dynasty with the Western Regions.
This 2000-year high-speed highway is believed to be an important corridor for diplomats, Chinese merchants with the West while the Silk Road is still separated. Archaeologists have also discovered many coins, tiles and caves along the highway.
In addition, this arterial road is also a place to witness and be part of the route of 11 Han princesses when given to other countries for political purposes.
In particular, one of them was Vuong Chieu Quan, who was named one of the four great beauties of China, also married to the Hungarians during the Han Yuan Empire in 33 BC. The highway built from the Qin Dynasty is also where Ms. Wang Zhaojun passed to advance north.
The vestiges, archaeological evidence of the highway for more than 2,000 years, a "master" project under the reign of Emperor Qin Shihuang, helped researchers understand more about the history of the north and Central China of ancient times.