Many people have heard of the Great Wall, the longest artificial work in the world, but there are interesting facts that not everyone knows.
Van Ly Truong Thanh, English name: Great Wall of China; that means "The city is a thousand miles long, a famous Chinese city wall that was continually built with earth and stone from the 5th century BC until the 16th century, to protect the Chinese Empire from attacks. of the Hungarians, Mongols, Turks, and other nomadic tribes from the regions of Mongolia and Manchuria, some of the walls were built in the 5th century BC, of which the most famous is the walled part of the first Emperor of China, Qin Shihuang, ordered to build it from 220 BC and 200 BC, located farther north than the current Great Wall of China under the Ming Dynasty, and there are only few relics left.
1. People think the length of Truong Thanh is about 6,276km, but in fact this whole building is 8,851km long. Approximately 6,276km is the length of the walls built by humans, but this wall also includes ditches and natural retaining walls.
The total length of Van Ly Truong Thanh is up to 8,851km.
2. The construction of Truong Thanh lasts more than 2,000 years. The first parts were built in the early VIII century BC.
3. Previously, Truong Thanh had many different names such as 'barrier', 'fortress' or 'Earth Dragon' . In the 19th century, this project was officially named 'Van Ly'. Truong Thanh '.
4. Although Truong Thanh survived for more than 2 millennia, the first Europeans to arrive here was a Portuguese explorer named Bento de Gois in 1605.
5. Rumors that the mortar used to build the Great Wall to be blended with human bones is completely untrue. The world's longest construction mortar consists of a variety of materials from time to time, from rice flour, clay, stone, rubble, wood to limestone .
6. Some parts of the City are preserved and restored, but most are abandoned. There was a time when people removed the stone bricks of Truong Thanh to build houses.
7. The construction of Truong Thanh officially ended in 1644 when the last King of the Ming Dynasty was deposed. Since then, Truong Thanh has not been built any more but only repair and restoration activities.
8. The widest part of the wall is 30m, the highest place is 3.65m. The highest point of the Great Wall (the top of the watchtower) is 7.9m. The Great Wall has an average height of 7.8 meters and is about 4.6 to 9.1m wide so that 5-6 horses can run into horizontal rows.
9. It is estimated that the number of people participating in this construction is up to 800,000 people.
Hundreds of thousands of people have participated in building the longest building on this planet.
10. Many people believe that the Great Wall can be seen from the moon, but like seeing a hair from a distance of 3 km, it is impossible. In fact, we cannot see it even in the earth's atmosphere, at an altitude of 160,000m.
11. not only to fight against the invaders but also to act as a border line where trade and migration laws are implemented.
12. According to legend, a dragon pointed the direction of building the Great Wall for the Chinese people. Many people also believe that the Great Wall itself has taken the form of a dragon lying on a mountain range.
13. The Great Wall is also known as the "world's longest cemetery" because hundreds of thousands of people died during construction. Some people are buried right under the wall.
14. The first wall segments are mainly made of soil and stone. From the Ming Dynasty, the walls were built largely of bricks.
15. The Great Wall consists of tens of thousands of watchtower towers, signaling towers, stairs, overpasses and apricot holes.
16. Most of the first construction period walls no longer exist. The Great Wall of the Great Wall we see today is built mainly during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
17. The Great Wall of the Great Wall is not constantly connected but consists of sections of walls built by various Chinese dynasties.
Statue of Strong Khuong Nu female
18. As an important part of Chinese culture, around the Great Wall there are many legends. One of the most famous stories is the story of Manh Khuong Nu, a wife of a student who was forced to build Truong Thanh during the Qin Dynasty. In the winter, Manh Khuong, a woman, weaves a shirt for her husband, and dives to find her husband to give her coat. Manh Khuong Nu went all along the length of Truong Thanh, asked many people and finally received the news of her husband's death buried under Truong Thanh. Khuong Manh sadly cried sadly 3 days 3 nights, water mixed with blood. Manh Khuong's cries echoed 800 miles of the Great Wall, collapsing a citadel, revealing his husband's corpse. She buried her husband and jumped into the sea. Today, in Son Hai Quan District, Hebei Province, there is a shrine dedicated to Manh Khuong Female.
Tourists visit the Great Wall
19. The Great Wall is the most famous and crowded attraction in China, with tens of millions of visitors each year.
20. This is also the place where many sports challenges take place. For example, in 1987, William Lindesay - the British - ran alone for 2,470 km on the Great Wall in the Ming Dynasty and wrote a book called "Alone on the Great Wall".
21. The Great Wall is currently 1 in 7. The wall became the World Heritage Site of UNESCO in 1987.
The last paragraph of the Great Wall.