2019 witnessed major breakthroughs in science such as capturing the first image of a black hole, operating a quantum computer, solving a problem that exists for 65 years.
Image of black holes: This is a fairy tale in the field of science.For the first time an international team has captured images of a black hole in the universe.The Event Horizon Team, a team of scientists from around the world, has published a photo of a black hole in the center of M87 galaxy, disrupting our understanding of the universe.
Homo luzonensis : Cave researchers in the Philippines accidentally discovered strange bone fragments from a new species of hominid.Homo luzonensis is related to us humans, living nearly 50,000 years ago.This discovery rocked the field of anthropology and revealed the history of human evolution in Asia.
NASA's plan to return to the Moon: In May, NASA announced a lunar mission called Artemis, which is expected to bring the first woman and the next man to the 'Sister Hang' surface by 2024. The ultimate goal of the plan is to build a space facility that allows people to stay here.
Success in stopping Ebola virus: After an outbreak in the Congo, scientists have found two ways to treat Ebola.It's a vaccine and an antibody mixture called Zmapp.This result has significantly increased the survival rate.
Getting closer to curing HIV / AIDS: For decades scientists have sought to eliminate the HIV virus, a disease that has claimed millions of lives.This year, the second patient was completely cured.12 years ago, another patient got rid of HIV.This is a sign that the human race has come to eradicate the disease of the century.
Unravel one of the most difficult equations of mathematics: This year, mathematicians have discovered a number of solutions to the diophantine equation, a problem that has not been solved for 65 years. Researchers from MIT and the University of Bristol have found the answer with the help of a supercomputer.
The first all-female crew in history: On October 18, Christina Koch and Jessica Meir drove the first spacecraft with a completely female crew to perform the task of repairing the faulty battery. International Space Station (ISS).It was a groundbreaking moment and will inspire generations of female astronauts.In the future, the weak side will continue towards conquering the Moon and Mars.
Google has successfully developed quantum supercomputers: According to a scientific paper published on October 23 in the journal Nature, Google claims to have achieved Quantum Supremacy, defeating rivals such as IBM. , Intel and other projects.In less than three minutes, Sycamore can solve a problem that supercomputers take 10,000 years.
Identify causes of deadly electronic cigarettes: Researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have identified the cause of dangerous lung disease, causing the deaths of 40 people and doing more Another 2,000 people were hurt.A form of vitamin E found in some electronic cigarettes is the culprit.After this result, regulators in the US and other countries began tightening control over the fledgling electronic cigarette industry.