The great victories in the history of Vietnam were made by marines, statues, infantry, but not cavalry. But history still records the events of precious horses with lessons of success as well as failures with symbolic meaning of thousands of lives worth pondering.
Since ancient times, Vietnamese people have been aware of the role and power of horses in the war. The legend of the iron horse of Phu Dong Thien Vuong is a story that has a profound meaning about the patriotism, the will to preserve the independence of a nation.
The image of a boy riding an iron horse, holding an iron rod and destroying the enemy An is the power to encourage the cause, the belief in the power to keep the country that the ancestors wanted to transmit to their descendants. The legend is not based on supernatural powers, not directing people into unrealistic powers but promoting the strength of the nation, the young hero born in the hearts of the people, growing up thanks to the people's rice cookers. village.
Unlike the legend of the Red Horse, Dich Lu . thousands of miles of travel has special origins. Giong's iron horse was made only by Vietnamese people, made from ordinary materials. The horse also does not have magical power that can only run, spit fire and fight the enemy. When the enemy dissolved, the horse man flew to heaven.
The feudal dynasties of Vietnam were well aware of the power and importance of horses and elephants, so they set up two agencies to care, nurture and train these two animals, the Main Statue Institute and the Main Code . In 1509, King Le Uy Muc ordered two officials, namely Tuong Tuong and Ngu Ma.
In the 'Kham Định Đại Nam Hội Sự Sự Lệ Lệ' by Quốc Sư Quán Nguyễn Dynasty reserved book 175 to deal with the matter of Mã Mã; including horses, horse breeding, horse pick-up, horse examination, horse performance, horse jewelry, etc. Horses raised in the capital belong to Thuong Tu institute, at a road station in the cities outside the cities , town, local director .
Horses used for communication are different from horses in towing, even more so than war horses. The ancients clearly defined roles and responsibilities for the bishops and administrators to manage each type of horse, set up a biomedical title to take care of and treat the horse's disease, and help the horses to give birth as veterinary animals. The doctor is in charge of horses now.
Yuan Yuan troops invaded our country three times and brought tens of thousands of war horses from the Mongolian steppe, Yunnan, Beijing, Xinjiang. When losing, fleeing, some of these horses were captured, some lost in the forest, becoming a wild horse crossbred with our domestic horses to produce new precious horses.
Steeds as well as the baron, where merits, showing talent is the battle.
Le Qui Don once wrote in Van Dai Loai Ngu: 'Our country, Tuyen Quang and Cao Bang provinces have many horses available. Phu Yen and Quang Nam lands as many horses, hundreds, thousands, in groups as buffaloes and goats. Traders and women also ride horses, use pack horses and sell horses. '
Among Dai Viet's horses, the most famous were the two Tails of the Red Horse of the famous generals Ly Thuong Kiet (1019 -1105) and the Ne Thong of King Tran Due Tong (1372-1377). Nguyen, in the past, people judged and distinguished the name of a precious horse by their coat color as follows:
Oh, Ly is a horse with a black coat (the rank of O Trung of Martial Class); Phiêu is a horse with a blue-and-white coat (the title of Phieu Cavalry usually reserved for princes). Peanuts are zebras. Tinh is a pink horse, so Ly Thuong Kiet's horse is also known as Song Vy Tinh . The Ne is a horse with two colors: white and black. Green horse pine needles.
Song Vy Hồng is a horse with a pink coat and long tails of two colors, pink on one side and white on the other. When it rode its wings, it looked like a horse with two tails, so it was called Song Vy Hong, meaning red horse with two tails.
Song Vy Hong was a war horse with Ly Thuong Kiet and Binh Chiem, destroying Tong. At the age of 70, Ly Thuong Kiet still took troops to fight Chiem Thanh and captured Chiem King. At 85, he also went to fight. History books do not specify the merits of this steed but surely its talent has contributed greatly to the feats of the famous general Ly Thuong Kiet. It is the case that horses often meet good generals, both of whom make history.
'Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu' records the event that King Tran Due Tong had a very rare Ne Thong horse. As mentioned above, through the appellation can be understood that the horse of Ne Thong of King Due Tong is rare, its fur color is a miraculous blend of colors of white, black and black. blue.
In that year, Lord Chiem Thanh Che Bong Nga harassed the border, the king sent Hanh Quan Do Tu Binh to take the army to keep Hoa Chau. Bong Nga brings 10 gold plates to the king. Tu Binh smuggled away, robbed himself as a lie, Bong Nga was arrogant and arrogant, so he took the army to fight.
The king was very angry, determined to fight Chiem Thanh himself, leading 12,000 troops from Thang Long. The King riding a Ne Thong horse led the army, along the coast, to Nhat Le seaport and stationed it for a month.
That battle, the king died. History does not record the fate of Ne Thong horse, but perhaps it also shares the same fate with the owner in this battle. Here is the opposite lesson, horses or remains in the long road, wise on the battle, not the fur.
King Due Tong did not listen to the right words of loyalties, went to war without holding a license to use soldiers, even believed in a beautiful-haired horse whose life was very regrettable but also not contrary to the rule. Here, good or bad, Ne Thong met a king with good will and talent, so he wasted the life of the sa school.
Minh Mang was the king who was good at the governmental administration that made many important administrative reforms, built the central government system of centralization. History records of Minh Mang including a herd of precious horses including children: Phuc Thong, Cat Thong, An Tuong Ky, Than Luong, Phuc Luu, Cat Luu, Thien Ma. In particular, Thien Ma is a horse from Western countries (present-day Afghanistan) was imported into the Emperor's horse ship in 1830.
King Minh Mang gave the ordination to Thien Ma as follows : "I sent him to sit and ride, run like lightning, so much in horses with four galleries and three high jumps, again sublime. than the horse has nine good qualities and eight good horses, so bestowed the name of the precious horse, now called Dai Uyen Long Tuan ".
To An Tuong Ky, King Minh Mang remarked: 'The governor Pham Van Dien offered a white horse, even though he was not a great stallion, running like clouds, but he could feel calm and rode so he could call him. is An Tuong Ky ".
However, steed as well as baron, where merits, showing talent is the battle. No matter how talented he was, it was a waste to just serve a man's pleasure. People mention Chich Tho because it brought Quan Cong to glory, mention Chich Lu because he jumped through the rescue slot of Liu Bei to escape death, mentioning Song Vy Hong because he and Ly Thuong Kiet destroyed Tong Binh Chiem. Con Thien Ma, An Tuong Ky, though promoted by the mandarin, were also a waste of toys.