Right now, you are sitting leisurely reading this article, the body feels like it is resting without any movement.
However, in another frame of reference we are in constant motion, namely because the Earth always orbits its axis and orbits the Sun. This rotation produces a day's length, affecting nature and life on the planet.
But what if the Earth's rotation speed was faster? Is the story different?
In fact, the speed of rotation of the Earth depends on the location of the Earth. In particular, the fastest is located in the equator, and it is true for every planet in the universe, because when the Earth orbits the axis, its largest circumference lies in the equator. So for the same 24-hour period, a point on the equator that wants to spin a full circle to get back to the starting point will have to travel a longer distance than the other points. And according to Popular Science, the equator rotates at a speed of 1037 miles / h (approximately 1668 km / h), while at a place like Chicago, for example, has a "more leisurely" speed. is approximately 750 mph.
How much the Earth rotates depends on the location of the Earth.
As the Earth spins faster, the first thing to be affected is the problem of geostationary satellites . They rotate around the Earth at the same speed, thus being able to remain in the same position as a certain point on the Earth. As long as our planet spins 1 mile an hour, these satellites won't be able to stand where they are.
At that time, communications with satellites, television broadcasting or military activities . were interrupted. Except for the satellites that have fuel and can adjust position and speed, all other types must be replaced and of course very good.
And yet, everything else will become more catastrophic.
An Earth's rotation is the time of a day on our planet. So the faster the Earth spins, the shorter it gets. It is estimated that if the Earth spins faster than 100 miles per hour, then there will only be 22 hours in a day. And our body has not yet adapted, instead of setting the clock faster than 1 hour, this case must be set 2 hours faster every day.
This change also has a significant impact on the lives of plants and animals that have been associated with the 24-hour cycle.
You may be weighing about 70kg now when you stand in the Arctic Circle, but if you were in the Equator you would immediately lose 1 - 2kg without abstaining from exercise. But that doesn't mean you can lose any fat.
This means that when the Earth spins faster, it means that the weight of all things will decrease.
The faster the Earth rotates, the lower the weight of all things.
As the Earth spins there is a force called the centrifugal force , which makes a plate on the table bounce if you spin too fast. The greater the centrifugal force produced, the faster the object will rotate, and because it is the opposite force of gravity, the greater the force of gravity, the weaker the effect of gravity on the objects.
Currently gravity is greater than centrifugal force, so we can stand on the ground. But according to estimates by NASA expert Sten Odenwald, if the speed of rotation at the equator reaches approximately 28,000 km / h, then the centrifugal force will be large enough to overcome gravity and make you . ignore suspended in the air.
An increase in the speed of the equator in Equator also means that more seawater will accumulate there. Every 1 mile faster, the water around the Equator will rise a few centimeters in just a few days.
And if you try to double the speed of rotation, it is really a disaster. Water from the polar regions - where the weaker centrifugal force is gathered to the Equator."Except for the highest mountains like Kilimanjaro or the highest points of the Andes, everyone in the Equatorial region will be submerged in water," said Witold Fraczek, analyst at ESRI - a manufacturing company. GIS software.
The increased centrifugal force makes it easier for the equatorial water to overcome gravity. At this point, the atmosphere here will be full of water vapor, the atmosphere will be covered with dense fog and haze, maybe even non-stop rains.
And if the Earth continues to accelerate to zero gravity, many interesting but extremely catastrophic things will happen. At this time, we will witness the phenomenon of reverse rain - drops of water flying into the air instead of rain falling from above.
But according to Fraczek, the speed is 17 times faster than at present, no one in the equator can survive to be amazed at this "beautiful" phenomenon."If there was a pitiful person alive after nearly all of the country flew into the atmosphere, their biggest desire would probably be to get out of the Equatorial region as soon as possible, that would have to be. come in the polar regions or at least the middle regions of some hemisphere. "
After thousands of years when the Earth's rotation speed is more than 38,000 km / h (about 38624.26 km / h), the Earth's crust will also change: the poles become flattened and bulge around the equator. .
In fact, the Earth's rotation speed is always fluctuating.
"It was a time of great earthquakes and extremely fast moving tectonic plates - a catastrophic prospect that threatens life on this planet," - Fraczek said.
Believe it or not, the fact that the Earth's rotation speed is always fluctuating. Earthquakes, tsunamis, and melting phenomena all have effects on the Earth's rotation speed, at a few milliseconds. For example, an earthquake accidentally swallows even a tiny fraction of the ground and reduces the circumference of the Earth, which is enough to accelerate a rotation.
In fact, the Earth's rotation speed has changed over time. About 4.4 billion years ago, the Moon was then formed after a giant object hit Earth. According to Odenwald's calculations, at that time, our planet would most likely be shaped like a ball collapsed by spinning very quickly and a day that only lasted up to 4 hours.
But since the Moon's presence, the Earth has been slowly rotating, decreasing by 3.8 miles per hour after 10 million years. That happened mainly because of the attraction from the Moon to the planet. So it is highly likely that the Earth will spin slowly instead of faster.
There are so many things in the current world that we have to worry about from nuclear war, climate change to everyday things like brushing our teeth properly. So thinking about what it would be like to have the Earth spin faster on its axis is not worth it. Because in reality that doesn't look very good in the near future and if it does, chances are you won't be alive to worry.