Unesco's Science, Education and Culture Organization has recognized the Baekje Dynasty Relic of Korea as a World Cultural Heritage in 2015.
Baekje Dynasty relic, South Korea
Baekje Dynasty relics include the walls and ancient tombs of the Baekje Dynasty. In Korean history, the Baekie dynasty began in 18 BC and lasted until the 7th century.
These dynasties are scattered in eight locations on Gongju, Buyeo (South Chungcheong province) and Iksan (North Jeolla province).
Baekje Dynasty (Baekje) was founded by Onjo, he was the third son of Zhou Meng (Jumong) who founded the Cao Geng Ly Dynasty. Baekje, like the High Sentence of the Ly, declared himself the successor to Phu Du Quoc - a kingdom founded on Manchu territory. Bach Te with Cao Cau Ly and Tan La had war time and also had time to join forces with each other. In the heyday, around the 4th century, Baekje controlled most of the western part of the Korean peninsula, north to Pyongyang and even part of Chinese territory today. In 660, Baekje was defeated by an alliance between Tang Dynasty and Tan La.
Landscape at the remaining relics of Baekje Dynasty
The remaining relics of the Baekje dynasty have so far not survived only eight major locations. According to archaeologists, the eight sites date between 475 and 660, including: Gongsanseong Fortress; Royal tomb area in Songsan-ri; Ungjin today is Gongju; Fortress Busosanseong and Gwanbuk-ri administrative buildings; Jeongnimsa Temple; Royal tombs in Neungsan-ri; walls in Naseong city.
Gongsanseong Fortress was built very firmly, with a length of 2.5 km. Today, this structure is still quite intact and is a famous sightseeing spot in Korea for other tourists who love the history of this kimchi country.
Ungjin today is Gongju , the capital of the Baekje Dynasty during the period from 475 to 538 AD. This period, Baekje is threatened by Cao Cau Ly. Goguryeo overflowed through the previous capital, Han Dynasty, to advance to Baekje so the dynasty had to find a new center, which was Ungjin. In 538, the Holy King left the city to Sabi (now Buyeo). Although it was transferred to Sabi, Ungjin was still used and was an important center until the Baekje dynasty completely collapsed in 660.
The remaining projects until today were built between 475 and 600. Some of the later buildings were representative of the later Baekje period.
Besides, there are some other places that are related to the Baekje dynasty like the Royal Palace in Wanggung-ri; Mireuksa Temple - these works represent the later stages of the Baekje Dynasty.
During the centuries of existence and development, the Baekje Dynasty has reached its peak in culture, religion and belief.
Not only that, the third prince of Chu Mong also built a kingdom that focused on art. This development and progress not only affected the later dynasties but also other ancient kingdoms in East Asia such as Japan and China .
Baekje dynasty relics were recognized as the World Cultural Heritage by the Unesco Scientific, Educational and Cultural Organization according to criteria (ii) and (iii).
Criterion (ii): Baekje dynasty relic consists of 8 remaining major monuments and a number of monuments built in the following period are important evidences in Korean history of the Baekje dynasty. These buildings all have a high artistic value and are a testament to the development of the Baekje era architecture.
Criterion (iii): Baekje dynasty relics are not only beautiful architectural works but also the only remaining evidence of a traditional culture in history. These architectural works have created a small impact on the development of architecture in Korea and neighboring countries in the later period.