The 3 most powerful dynasties in Chinese history
China is one of the few countries with the oldest civilization in the world, with powerful dynasties, reaching a prosperous level, contributing to its development.
According to National Interest, contrary to the Western notion that ancient China was isolated and weakened, many Chinese dynasties flourished, having a great influence on the world.
By the Ming Dynasty, Chinese boats had spread all over the world to boost trade and diplomacy. It can be said that China is the most populous in the world and an ancient civilization, always a power that cannot be underestimated.
Here are the 3 most powerful dynasties in Chinese history according to the assessment of National Interest.
Han Cao Luu Bang is a public figure of Han Dynasty.(Illustration).
The Han Dynasty ruled China for four centuries, from 206 BC to 220. Inheriting the unified China from the Qin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty was the dynasty that maintained this unity and developed the The most characteristic institution in Chinese history.
The Han Dynasty maintained a specialized monarchy through a more efficient and thorough tax collection system than any other contemporary institution. In order to get revenue, Han Dynasty also monopolized iron and salt.
Abundant wealth helps the Han to expand the Chinese border further south. Tribes that are weaker and have a culture that does not grow as fast are defeated.
However, China's long-standing problem was that of nomads in the north. That's why Qin Shihuang during the Qin Dynasty ordered the construction of the Great Wall. Han Dynasty continued to expand further northern expeditions, reaching present-day Xinjiang and Central Asia.
The booming step helped China quickly expand trade relations with other civilizations, after forming a large-scale trade route called the Silk Road.
In order to control trade routes and defeat the enemy, China controlled Xinjiang, causing the pedal to expand to the west. Buddhism also introduced into China through this route.
The powerful Tang Dynasty was defeated before the Muslim empire.
After the Han Dynasty collapsed by civil war, China entered a chaotic and divided period until it was reunited by the Sui. The Tang Dynasty formed then dominated China in the period of 618-907.
Tang Dynasty is considered a dynasty that expands China's influence on the international market. Military forces of the Tang Dynasty also reached the strongest level, the golden period of the tyrannical monarchy.
At its peak, the Tang Dynasty controlled the territory twice as large as the Han Dynasty. The large population then reached 80 million people, completely outperforming the neighboring peoples.
Also during this period, Tang's influence spread to both Korea, Japan and Tibet. Although not ruling Tibet, the Tang Dynasty was China's first dynasty to expand its influence on the plateau.
Part of the success of Tang was thanks to learning how to fight before nomads. The Tang Dynasty paid special attention to raising breeds, putting horses into military ranks. The Tang Dynasty also willingly used the generals from Central Asia.
Tang Dynasty once again took control to the Xinjiang area, reaching the border with the Persian Empire. The Tang Dynasty's defeat before the Arabs in 751 ended the Central Asian domination of the Chinese emperor.
In the last years of the dynasty, the An Loc Son uprising broke out, causing Tang to fall into instability and decline. It is estimated that half of the Tang people during this period died of war, famine and plague.
Qianlong is the most famous emperor of Qing Dynasty China.(Illustration).
All the dynasties after the Tang Dynasty made China weak and sink in the war. Only when the Ming Dynasty was founded (1368-1644), the country of China was reunified.
But the Ming Dynasty was considered by Chinese historians to be one of the worst dynasties because of the rampant eunuchs.
By the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) , China underwent the final period of monarchy. Not only have great achievements in culture, history, the Qing dynasty has great merits to help maintain the vast Chinese country today.
But the Qing Dynasty was also subject to criticism by historians because of weaknesses in the leadership system that gave the West a chance to leap into a rift.
The Qing Dynasty actually has no Chinese origin. It is the satisfied man from northern China who descends through the Great Wall. But when controlling China, they are also assimilated, maintaining Chinese customs more than traditional customs.
Gunpowder was discovered during this period, helping the Qing to more effectively control remote areas like Tibet, Xinjiang, Manchuria and Mongolia.
The Qing Dynasty also achieved diplomatic achievements when it stopped Russia and Britain from expanding their territory. China is considered to be the perfect buffer between Russia and Britain to conflict.
But the Qing could not defend the threat from the sea, first the West and then the Japanese imperialist.
It can be said that the Qing dynasty was able to preserve a large territorial area, serving as a foundation for China to enter a new era.
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