NASA intends to bring people to Mars by 2030 and has begun to check astronaut limits. But if people succeed in visiting neighbors - Mars, the scientific community needs more drastic steps. It is to transform both the body and the spirit of the person to adapt to the new condition.
And once we land on the red planet, its unique environment can force evolution to happen quickly with many transformations and as a result create entirely new species, experts. said. The cognitive scientist Konrad Szocik of the University of Information and Management Technology in Rzeszow, Poland, believes that NASA's preparations are not compatible with the conditions they will face on Mars.
He suggested that to complete the trip, astronauts could use electronic devices to enhance senses, drugs to become dull and other emotional reactions. And anyone who wants to stay in Mars can evolve into a separate species - evolutionary biologist Scott Soloman said.
Dr. Soloman, who works at Rice University in Houston, says the Martian climate will darken human skin. This is due to the carotenoid colorants - found in fresh orange and yellow foods such as squash and carrots. These plants will be grown on Mars. Our bones will also thicken to accommodate the decline of gravity.
Although the changes on Earth will take millions of years to happen, however, they only take 6,000 years while on Mars, Dr Soloman said. The amount of Mars radiation received every year is six times that of the Earth. This can help activate changes quickly.
Dr. Soloman has published a book dealing with the future evolution of humanity."This evolution occurs frequently for isolated animals and plants on islands - think of Darwin's famous sparrow. But while the formation," said the Texas scientist . The island species may take thousands of years, the rate of rapid mutation on Mars and the apparent contrast between Mars and Earth conditions, may accelerate this process. "
Astronaut Scott Kelly spent a year on space.(Photo: Reuters).
In addition to the physical and mental challenges faced by Mars, there are a variety of unusual problems that residents need to address.
Dr. Szocik is the lead author of an article published in Space Policy magazine. In it, he considered the political and legal challenges of establishing a colony on Mars. The social aspects of the colony in the future are particularly concerned, it is the professor - who works at UITM university in Rzeszow, Poland.
According to Seeker reports, among his predictions Dr. Szocik estimated that about 500 people were needed to form a population large enough to avoid inbreeding. In an interview with a website, he said: "We cannot reproduce the physical and environmental conditions for reconstruction on Mars. I want to refer to the properties on the red planet like that." "exposures of radiation and gravity are extremely low. Therefore, we cannot predict the physical and biological effects of humans on Mars."
"People are a social animal and he lives in a group. Problems in a group can create challenges. We should consider to prevent typical human problems such as conflict. , war, fraud . " - Dr. adds.
Nasa has conducted a series of experiments to prepare for the plan to land on Mars by 2030. Among them is to gather people who have lived in harsh conditions like Antarctica, or live for a long time. on the International Space Station.
Two astronauts Scott Kelly and Mikhail Kornienko spent a year on the station and returned to Earth in March 2016. They have a lot of knowledge about the long-term effects in space that can affect the human body.
This mission takes place at the same time as NASA's "twin research" project. In it Kelly's body is compared to her twin brother Mark - who lives on Earth. Because twins and eggs have identical DNA sequences, scientists can study exactly the effects that space travel has on Kelly's body.
Kellys has undergone 10 experiments in four areas: human physiology, behavioral health, microbiology and molecule. NASA trips to Mars are estimated to last a total of three years. However, this is not the only organization that intends to build a habitat on Mars. The Mars One project also carried a manned crew into the red planet for the purpose of establishing a place to live forever. This project is by British company Mars One Ventures and the Dutch Mars One Fund.