The 10 greatest machines in human history

With importance in terms of history and scale, machines like IMP, steam chillers, Heinkel HeS 3, Ford Model T . have really made a breakthrough in history.

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Forerunner of the Internet: On October 29, 1969, Leonard Kleinrock and his team used a machine called the Interface Message Processor (IMP) to send the first message to a computer using the network. ARPANET time sharing calculator.This moment is considered the beginning of today's Internet.

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Robot Curiosity: A successor to the rover robots on Mars such as Spirit or Opportunity, Curiosity is the most advanced machine in human history that ever landed on the surface of another planet and scientific experiments learn.Curiosity is the largest and most modern exploration vehicle in the Mars mission of the US Space Agency (NASA).Landing on the red planet on August 6, 2012, Curiosity has traveled a total of 17 km.Its official name is "Mars Science Laboratory" because Curiosity is actually a wheeled laboratory.

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Steam chiller: Although not the first scientist to study refrigerators, Dr. John Gorrie was the first inventor to receive a US patent on the method of making artificial ice.His subsequent business failed, but the idea paved the way for the commercialization of refrigerators and changed the way people transport, store and buy food.

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First jet engine: Heinkel HeS 3 designed by Hans von Ohain, was the first jet engine to power an aircraft called Heinkel He 178. Heinkel HeS proved the concept existed 13 years in manufacturing by replacing piston engines with a more efficient and powerful alternative.Decades later, jet engines such as the Pratt & Whitney JT9D followed Heinkel HeS, becoming the heaviest source for the Boeing 747 "Jumbo Jet", the first large commercial jetliner to be produced. export.

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Ford Model T: On September 27, 1908, the first Ford Model T was completed and is often considered the model that contributed much to the history of the automotive industry.Between 1908 and 1929, there were nearly 15 million Model Ts sold to customers.In 1925, the price of the car plummeted from $ 825 to $ 260 when Ford improved the mass production process.Model T is not only a regular car but also "transports the whole US" and contributes to change the way American people work, live and play.

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ENIAC supercomputer: Built to solve large-scale arithmetic problems, the world's first ENIAC supercomputer weighs 80 tons and occupies a floor area of ​​167 m2.As the first 'electronic supercomputer' at the time, ENIAC was able to perform orbital calculations and give results much faster than manual calculations.It is also considered one of the first data storage centers created, an extremely necessary technology for almost every industry in the world.

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Hubble Space Telescope: Six decades after Edwin Hubble made a shocking discovery that the universe is continuing to expand, the largest and most powerful telescope ever launched to date has been named after him.The US Space Agency (NASA) has declared Hubble to be the most important advancement in astronomy since the Galileo telescope was born.Launched in April 1990, Hubble shows us the birth of stars, glimpses of black holes and the universe that is not only expanding but also accelerating.

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CT scanner: In 1971, medical care was revolutionized when biomedical engineer Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield created the first computed tomography computer used in medicine and digitized it into a CT scan. Computer.His CT scanner synthesizes many X-rays from different angles into three-dimensional images, allowing doctors to look inside a person's body without surgery.The 1979 Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to Hounsfield for his contributions to the diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system.

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Gutenberg's printing method: In 1450, Julian Gutenberg officially began manufacturing printers in the city of Mainz in Germany, a decade after the initial idea.Gutenberg's changeable metal typeface truly revolutionized the book.Printers have significantly reduced the cost of making books, making education easier for millions of people, starting the Renaissance.In addition, this invention also facilitated the birth of newspapers and magazines.

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Wind turbines : Scottish engineer James Blyth was the first inventor of wind turbines that could generate electricity.However, it was Charles Brush who realized it when he built an automatic wind turbine to generate energy in the backyard of a villa in Cleveland in 1888. With a diameter of 15m and 144 propellers made of cedar, The wind turbine can generate about 1,200 watts of electricity, enough to power 100 indoor incandescent light bulbs.According to the American Wind Energy Association, there are currently more than 52,000 wind turbines in the US and can supply electricity to 25 million homes.

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