The eminent mathematician Katherine Johnson of America passed away on February 24, 2020, aged 101. Her silent work received little attention until she was awarded the Presidential Medal.
During 33 years working for the US space and space agency (NASA), mathematician - physicist - space engineer Katherine Johnson has contributed to many of NASA's successful space missions by calculating formulas. His math, including four important scientific contributions.
Mathematician Katherine Johnson worked at NASA's Langley Research Center in 1962 - (Image: NASA).
Mathematician Katherine Johnson has worked at the Langley Research Center of the National Aviation Advisory Committee (NACA - the predecessor agency of NASA) since 1953.
On May 5, 1961, NASA flew Mercury-Redstone 3, the first manned space mission within the Mercury program.
The name of the astronaut Alan Sheppard - the flight controller associated with this historic event. But besides that, Katherine Johnson has contributed to the success of the flight with the work of calculating the launch trajectory.
In 1960, Katherine Johnson and scientist Ted Skopinski drafted a document on satellite retrieval.
The document, called 36-page D-233 Technical Note, is 36 pages thick, describing by equations the stages of a flight into space, including the location necessary for a successful spacecraft landing.
This document was used as a reference in the historic flights of two astronauts Alan Sheppard in 1961 and John Glenn in 1962.
Mathematician Katherine Johnson received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama at the White House on November 24, 2015 - (Image: REUTERS)
On February 20, 1962, within the flight of Mercury-Atlas 6 and Mercury-Atlas 6, NASA launched the Friendship 7 spacecraft into orbit. This is the third manned space mission in the Mercury program.
This is also the first time an American astronaut (John Glenn) has successfully completed a full flight around the Earth's orbit (the previous two flights did not complete an orbit).
During this historic flight, mathematician Katherine Johnson was in charge of manually checking the orbital tracking program. Orbit flights must be supported by orbital monitoring programs. Computers have been programmed to control the spacecraft's flight path.
Astronaut John Gleen suspects that the orbital tracking program should ask mathematician Katherine Johnson to redo the calculations manually and he only agrees to control the flight if the calculations match the calculations from the machine. count. It took a day and a half for the mathematician to check the calculations.
More than 50 years ago on July 20, 1969, the American space shuttle Apollo 11 brought the first astronauts to set foot on the moon.
Under the earth, mathematician Katherine Johnson has contributed to the successful flight by calculations that allow synchronization between the lunar module (the module that landed on the moon) with the command and service mode of the Apollo ship astronauts.
Ms. Katherine Johnson has retired since 1986. During her career, she has drafted 26 research reports.
Her quiet work at NASA received little attention until she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2015, America's highest civilian medal.
She was also one of the first African-American women to break gender and skin barriers to work at NASA.
In 2016, her life and career were featured in the movie "Hidden Figures" about three African American mathematicians.
The film is adapted from the book of the same name by female writer Margot Lee Shetterly (also African-American), which was screened in Vietnam in 2017 under the title "Superior trio".