"Effervescent extracellular sacs" - a nanoscale bubble structure in the body that can be used to create a breakthrough cancer treatment.
Researchers from Michigan State University and Stanford University have discovered a structure within humans and animals that can serve as a "carrier" in new cancer treatment regimens. based on a combination of drug and gene therapy.
The new method promises to save many breast cancer patients and possibly other types of cancer - (photo courtesy of the internet)
These are "effervescent extracellular sacs," nanoscale objects released by healthy cells, which transport genetic materials like DNA and RNA to other cells.
According to Dr. - assistant professor Masamitsu Kanada from the Institute of Quantitative Health Science and Technology at Michigan State University (USA), they are testing drugs that are precursors, do not work in normal conditions. . But once they are metabolized in the body, quick responses are triggered and can fight cancer.
They will create genes that can produce the right enzyme to activate that drug metabolism and send these genes into the body with effervescent extracellular vesicles.
The new method is a direct attack on cells, which increases the effectiveness of the drug and does not cause great damage to healthy cells like traditional chemotherapy. The method has been tested on mice and has been extremely effective in breast cancer, according to a paper published in the scientific journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics.
The team is continuing efforts to advance to clinical trials in humans.