A secret book containing knowledge passed down by a samurai named Itō Ittōsai, which was dubbed the 'samurai warrior' with 33 unbeaten times in the newly found competitions, Live Science reported.
Researchers have not yet determined the date of the death of the Ittōsai samurai, but historical records show that the warrior was nearly 90 years old. According to some records, he was born in 1560, during the Warring States period to the beginning of the Edo period.
Another legendary swordsman living in the same period was Miyamoto Musashi , famous for his unique and perfect dual sword technique, as well as his unbeaten record in 61 matches (compared to Itō Ittōsai's 33 matches. ). However, compared to Itō Ittōsai, Miyamoto Musashi was a junior under 24 years old.
Itōōtōsai's image in the popular manga Romance (Vagabond).
According to the researchers' determination, Itō Ittōsai's great secret compilation book was written in the 17th century, a few decades after the legendary samurai died. Accordingly, Ittōsai did not personally write the secret book "12 techniques to use swords", but taught the students to study the Ittō-ryū school (Nhat Dao Luu) in the Edo period. His disciples have famous people such as: Ono Zenki, Kotōda Toshinao and Ono Tadaaki. It was descended from Ittōsai's disciple who then synthesized the techniques into a secret book.
According to Eric Shahan, a Japanese translator who specializes in the translation of martial arts texts, the secret book of the techniques used to defeat the opponent was drawn by Itō Ittōsai throughout his life of kendo. Notably, the secret book also records two mysterious mantras, which are used to awaken the spiritual power of a samurai.
Itō Ittōsai's great secret compilation book was written in the 17th century (Artwork).
According to Live Science, the two spells are quite vague and confusing. One of them said that the samurai should draw some Sanskrit words on his palms. Afterwards, they rubbed their hands, recited the mantras, and turned them around before they spoke "Un" . Finally, they patted and rubbed their hands again.
One of the secret techniques in the secret is called "Eye of the Eye." This technique suggests that the samurai should not observe the opponent with the naked eye. Instead, the samurai needs to see them with spiritual strength . " With the naked eye, you can be fooled. But if you look with the mind, you will always get focused , " the secret book states.
The 17th century Japanese considered the samurai to master the "Eye of the Eye" technique as an extraordinary strength. "Back then, any samurai who knew this technique was supposed to have supernatural powers," Shahan said.
However, if analyzed from a scientific perspective, this technique is especially useful in sword fights.
Ittōsai did not write the secret book "12 great techniques to use the sword" but taught his students to study the Ittō-ryū school.
'You will react faster to things that move within your field of view. If you just focus on staring at the opponent's sword and paying close attention to their every move, it will be difficult for you to counterattack in time, '' Shahan explained .
'In contrast, allowing the opponent to appear entirely in your vision, instead of just focusing on any part, will bring a greater advantage. The peripheral vision (the area outside the center of what you see clearly) will allow you to react faster to any enemy's movements or attacks. '
According to Shahan, the mantra could be a way to help the samurai to be mentally stable before competing.
'If your mind is in turmoil before the battle, defeat is certain. You need to allow your body to react freely and unconsciously to the enemy's attack , ' this expert said.
Hồ Tâm's technique has the effect of warning the samurai to avoid excessive caution.
Another technique mentioned in the secret book of the legendary samurai Itō Ittōsai is 'Ho Tam' (fox's heart) , which warns the samurai to avoid being too cautious. The natural nature of foxes is always cautious and suspicious, but this is a critical weakness that they can be killed.
'Instead of running through the circuit, the fox turned its head to check if anyone was chasing after it. Because of this hesitation, the hunter could surround and kill the fox. The lesson here is that being overly cautious leads to a pitiful outcome for the fox, '' Ho Tam's technique clearly stated. ' If a samurai is distracted when competing, the opponent will attack immediately. Therefore, it is essential that you be very assertive in every action. You have to vigorously train yourself so that the mind falls into unconsciousness'.
Japanese translator Shahan also said that the samurai of the First Excellency sect were trained so well in their techniques that they were "deeply ingrained" into their bodies. The samurai needed mental strength that allowed their bodies to react quickly without judging the situation.