How did Mars ever flood?

The European Space Agency (ESA) has just released images that are believed to be traces of past water on Mars (Mars).

The European Space Agency (ESA) has just released images that are believed to be traces of past water on Mars (Mars).

According to ESA, traces of water left on the surface of Mars exist in very different shapes. The published image is part of the European Space Agency's Mars Express mission .

Picture 1 of How did Mars ever flood? Photo 1 of How did Mars ever flood?
Traces of water left on the surface of Mars exist in very different shapes.

In the picture, there is a large basin with very likely branches where the flow of flood waters has long been.

Mars Express is Europe's first mission to explore Mars. One of the first spacecraft launched to carry out the mission is called Beagle 2 . Although it did not land successfully, the ship continued to orbit around the red planet to send the clearest images of the planet's Mars and two satellites.

In some recent activities, the mission Mars Express captured the image of the Arda Valles Mar area to the west of the red planet.

Picture 2 of How did Mars ever flood? Photo 2 of How did Mars ever flood?
The mission Mars Express captured the image of the Arda Valles Mar area to the west of the red planet.

Arda Valles is an area consisting of a network of grooved valleys located near Ladon Valles and about 259km above the crater Holden Crater . According to ESA, a large volume of water may have flowed massively from the southern highlands and formed Ladon Valles as it is today.

The water after flowing downward is contained in the Lardon basin shown in blue as shown in the image. Meanwhile the left part of the Holden Crater crater is located quite well next to the groove across the valley.

The water after flowing to the basin will continue to flow, creating streams and eventually flowing into the hole Holden Crater. ESA also points to a large mound at the base of the crater and believes that this mound can be formed based on the accretion of sediments floating by the water.

Picture 3 of How did Mars ever flood? Photo 3 of How did Mars ever flood?
The Ladon Valles area is located just below the Arda Valles valley and is spherical.

A number of other factors can determine the formation of a terrain area that also includes melting underground ice sheets and evaporation.

Researchers have identified a number of minerals found in these areas. They include clay, a factor that has a lot to do with water on the surface of Mars in the past.

Picture 4 of How did Mars ever flood? Photo 4 of How did Mars ever flood?
Mars has become a topic of human concern for decades.

Mars has become a topic of human concern for decades. Not only is ESA, NASA's aerospace agency also doing a lot of remote sensing, exploring Mars to understand its viability.

However, so far, the findings still remain at reference level and serve as a research basis for the future. So it is still unclear when we can be certain that Mars exists with solid foundations for human life.