The disease is common in the rainy season and prevention

The time of heavy rain and storm is also the time when pathogens proliferate. The following are common diseases that are encountered in the rainy season that people should know to prevent disease.

The time of heavy rain and storm is also the time when pathogens proliferate. The following are common diseases that are encountered in the rainy season that people should know to prevent disease.

1. Common cold and flu

As an acute infectious disease, it is easy to encounter in all ages and most often occurs during the rainy season. The disease is likely to cause a major epidemic due to influenza virus infection, airborne disease and exposure, such as inhalation of the virus in the air, general contact with the infected person .

Clinical manifestations: headache, body aches, fever, cough and fatigue. The disease affects the upper and lower respiratory tract, often the disease changes itself but can cause many serious complications, the most dangerous is bacterial pneumonia and multi-organ failure.

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Colds are the most common disease in the rainy season.

Treatment: reduce symptoms caused by diseases such as fever, headache, aching people. The patient should rest until the fever is gone, eat easily digested foods and drink plenty of water. In case of infection with some special virus types such as influenza A H5N1, most patients need respiratory support in the first 48 hours of hospitalization. Antiviral drugs are also used, but its effectiveness has not been verified.

Prevention: The main measure to prevent influenza is the use of flu vaccine. In addition, we should drink plenty of water and supplement vitamins and minerals to keep the body healthy. In case of suspected A H5N1 infection, it is necessary to isolate suspicious patients and bring labor protection equipment (gloves, hats, N95 masks, protective clothing .), wash hands when receiving contact with patients.

2. Malaria

This is the most dangerous disease in the rainy season. Anophen mosquito mosquito malaria causes. Mosquitoes carry disease from infected people to healthy people.

Symptoms: When suffering from malaria, patients may develop symptoms such as fever, headache, nausea, muscle pain .

Prevention: to avoid mosquito bites that cause malaria, you need to pay attention to killing mosquitoes, larvae and stalks around the house, especially in stagnant puddles. Note when sleeping, need to lay the screen to reduce the risk of exposure to mosquitoes. It is best to store some antipyretics at home to prevent sudden fever in the night. Actively eliminate breeding grounds and habitats of mosquitoes such as dense, wooded water.

3. Dengue fever

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Dengue fever is an acute infectious disease.

Dengue fever is an acute infectious disease, which can cause epidemics caused by dengue virus. The disease is spread by mosquitoes that burn infected people and then spread the disease to healthy people through stings. Two types of infected mosquitoes with scientific names are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.

Symptoms: Symptoms often appear suddenly with high fever, tired people lightheaded, headache, pain after eye sore, muscle pain (low back pain and sometimes leg pain), often accompanied by sore throat, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and epigastric pain (the area on the navel and under the sternum).

Because there is no specific treatment drug and no vaccine to prevent disease, dengue fever often causes a big epidemic in many people at the same time making the treatment very difficult and possibly fatal, especially with children.

The best way to prevent disease is to kill mosquitoes and larvae regularly ; remove the breeding grounds of mosquitoes, kill larvae / larvae by covering all water containers; Drop fish into large water containers. In addition, for children, it is important to keep in mind the prevention of mosquito bites for children, wearing long-sleeved clothes, sleeping in the mosquito net even during the day.

4. Skin diseases

One of the common diseases in the rainy season, especially when the streets are often flooded, are skin diseases such as foot-feeding water, folliculitis, pustules on the skin, inflammation .

In order to prevent these diseases, people need to pay attention to choosing the appropriate route to avoid flooded roads. When doing work that requires contact with water or out in the rain, rain gear or other protective gear should be prepared.

If you accidentally get rain, flooded water, people need to clean, dry. When skin is damaged, itchy, and ulcerative, it is the bacteria that attack to form pustules on the skin that need to be cleaned thoroughly with light alcohol, clean water and immediately to the physician.

In addition to preventing some of the above diseases, we also have to pay attention to some other diseases that often appear in the rainy season such as typhus, blood infection, infection of water, cholera, leptospirosis. verses (parasitic parasites can cause damage to the kidneys, liver, and acute respiratory meningitis) . Always use cooked food, and prepare appropriate health 'protection mechanisms' with me when another rainy season starts again.

5. Digestive disease

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This is an infectious disease spread through the gastrointestinal tract, caused by bacteria.

At the time of rain and storm as present, the environment is contaminated with water, digestive diseases often occur. The cause of digestive diseases is the imbalance between beneficial bacteria and harmful bacteria in the intestinal tract (unhygienic eating, not yet cooked, boiling .). The disease usually does not need to take medication can still recover or reduce. The most important thing is to help patients with a reasonable diet, combined with daily exercise and a comfortable mental life.

Diarrhea is quite common digestive disease, many people meet during rainy days. This is an infectious disease spread through the gastrointestinal tract, caused by bacteria. If you have this disease, quickly go to the nearest medical facility to be examined by doctors.

To prevent digestive diseases , you need to wash your hands often with soap before eating, after going to the toilet, away from the source of disease, making good eating and drinking .

6. Osteoarthritis, muscle pain

Along with rain, flood, cold wind, seasonal changes, osteoarthritis, muscle pain is also a common disease, especially in those who have a history of illness. During rainy days, cold weather causes peripheral blood vessels to reduce blood supply to peripheral organs, including skin, muscles and joints, causing symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, spasm of shoulder muscles. nape, waist.

Joint pain is the result of arthritis and osteoarthritis. The patient always feels pain in the joints such as the joints of the hands, knee joints, shoulder joints . Not only pain, joints are also swollen, difficult to move especially early in the morning.

The best advice for everyone to prevent this disease during the rainy season is that you should practice sports . Exercise is considered a precious medicine, very useful for human health and extremely effective in reducing pain. In addition, you need to design yourself a reasonable diet: foods rich in vitamin C and E, calcium, drink plenty of water to maintain smoothness between joints.

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