Complex of Hue ancient relics

The complex of Hue Monuments or Hue Monuments Complex is the historical-cultural relics advocated by the Nguyen Dynasty from the beginning of the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century in the area of ​​Hue Capital. old.

Complex of Hue Citadel - World Cultural Heritage

Geographical location

Hue Citadel Complex is located along the banks of Huong River in Hue City and a few surrounding areas of Thua Thien Hue Province . Hue City is the cultural, political and economic center of the province, the ancient capital of Vietnam during the feudal period under the Nguyen Dynasty, from 1802 to 1945.

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Since 1306, after the marriage between Princess Huyen Tran (Tran Dynasty) with King Cham, Che Man, the land of Chau O and Chau Ly (including Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue and a part of North Quang Nam today) is named Thuan Hoa. In the second half of the 15th century, during the reign of King Le Thanh Tong, the name of Hue first appeared (?). In 1636, Lord Nguyen was placed in Kim Long (Hue), until 1687 moved to Phu Xuan - the present-day Hue Citadel. In the early years of the 18th century, Phu Xuan was the political, economic and cultural center of the "Dang Trong" region. From 1788 to 1801, Phu Xuan became the capital of the Tay Son dynasty.

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From 1802 to 1945, Hue was the capital of unified Vietnam under the reign of 13 Nguyen kings . Also at this time, there were formed valuable historical and cultural constructions, typical of Hue Citadel, especially Dai Noi area (253 buildings), 7 tombs of 9 tombs. King Nguyen, Nam Giao, Ho Quyen and Hon Chen.

Cultural values

On the northern bank of the Huong River , the architectural system denoting the authority of the central regime of Nguyen's right is three citadel: Hue Citadel, Hue Citadel, Forbidden City of Hue , interlocked and posted. on a vertical axis throughout from the South to the North. The system of citadels here is an example of a harmonious combination between the Eastern and Western architectural quintessence, placed in a spectacular natural setting with many symbolic elements available naturally to the extent that people We assume that these are parts of the Citadel of Hue - that is Ngu Binh mountain, Huong Giang stream, alcohol of Gia Vien, alcohol of Bu Thanh .

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limited by a wall near the square with each direction approximately 600m with 4 entrances which are most often taken as the symbol of the Ancient: Ngo Mon, is the supreme administrative area of ​​the Nguyen court. Inside the Citadel, slightly shifted to the back, the Forbidden City - a place to eat at the Royal Family's activities.

Throughout all three citadel buildings, the Shinto road runs from the banks of the Perfume River bearing on its most important architectural works of the Citadel of Hue: Nghinh Luong Dinh, Phu Van Lau, Ky Dai, Ngo Mon, Thai Hoa electricity, Can Chanh, Can Thanh, Khon Thai, Kien Trung . Two sides of this Shinto road are hundreds of large and small structures arranged regularly, intermingling plants, flickering when hidden when amidst natural colors, always giving people a gentle and serene feeling.

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Far to the west of the Citadel, located on the banks of the Perfume River, the tombs of the Nguyen kings are considered achievements of the landscape culture. The monumental architecture here brings a completely separate style of Vietnam.

Each Nguyen King's tomb reflects the life and personality of the owner who is resting: rustic Gia Long mausoleum is monumental in the middle of the forest, which makes viewers feel the mighty spirit of a war of generals who have experienced hundreds of battles; Minh Mang tomb of majesty in correcting and posting in the middle of the mountainous and lake forest is cleverly embellished, it is possible to see the great determination of a talented politician and the solemn character of a decisive poet; Thieu Tri's mausoleum, deep and agonizingly in the uninhabited place, also expressed a part of the confession of a transcendent poet in the literature but could not connect his predecessors in politics; Ly Duc Tu Duc's lyrical and romantic tomb is created mainly by the subtleties of people, the landscape here suggests to visitors the image of a human being bearing heavy compassion because of the enthusiasm of a king not performing. It is through the weak character of a poet .

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In addition, the place names adorn the beauty of Hue Citadel populations including: Song Huong, Nui Ngu, Thien Mu Pagoda, Bach Ma, Lang Co, Thuan An .

At the 17th meeting of the Committee , Colombia from 6 to 11 December 1993, UNESCO decided to recognize the complex of Hue Monuments which is the cultural heritage of mankind. A major event in the history of Vietnamese culture, Vietnam's first property was named in the World Heritage list, affirming the global value of the Hue Imperial Citadel population.

The complex of Hue ancient relics is a world cultural heritage according to the fourth criterion, meeting all the following factors:

  • Typical for unique artistic achievements, masterpieces created by human hands.
  • Great value in terms of construction techniques, architectural art in an urban development plan or a landscape beauty program in a cultural area of ​​the world;
  • A typical architectural complex of an important historical period.
  • Incorporate with great events, influential ideas or beliefs, or historical celebrities.

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