Marchese Guglielmo Marconi (born April 25, 1874 - July 20, 1937) was an Italian inventor, considered to be the "father of the radio industry".
He was born on April 25, 1874 in Bologna, Italy to a father of a wealthy businessman. His mother was a Protestant musician. When she was born, Marconi had oddly large ears that people had to say, "The ears can hear the sound of the air". Unexpectedly, later, his life and career associated with his radio career.
His mother trained him to be an obedient child, diligently reading the bible and playing the piano but his hobby was science. As a result of his acquaintance, he went to work as a typist at the post office, his main interest was in communication technology going far.
The first books he read were from the scientist Hecz about electromagnetic waves and he started trying far-field telemetry experiments at the age of 20.
In February 1896, he moved to London and later worked at a British telecommunications company. His career started from there.
Electrical engineer / inventor Guglielmo Marconi.
In 1897, he transmitted a signal 14 km away. Thanks to those signals, an accident on the Strait of Manche. After his efforts, success has come to him. It was on December 12, 1901, that he conducted a long distance experiment with many signal lines that convinced many people. He demonstrated that radio waves can respond to layers in the atmosphere, explaining why radio waves can travel around the world.
In 1901, he transmitted the first wireless signal across the ocean from Poldhu, Cornwall - a county in southwest England to Signal Hill at St John's, Newfoundladn - now a Canadian-owned archipelago. . The distance between two points of receipt and receipt is about 3500 km.
In 1909, Marconi and Karl Fedinand Braun jointly received the Physics Prize for "contributions to the development of wireless communication technology".
At the age of 27, he became an honorary citizen of Rome.
Thanks to radio waves, many passengers in the sinking of the Titanic were rescued in 1912.
In 1930, he successfully created a reflective radio receiver, which was the basis for later Radar research and manufacture.
In 1937, he died. Britain's Times Daily said: 'When future historians study the early 20th century, perhaps they will regard Marconi as the greatest scholar of the century and will consider it worthy of his name. to name this century '.
Later in life, Marconi was an advocate of Italian Fascism and an advocate of their theory.
In addition to Marconi's case, his contemporaries Nikola Tesla and Nathan Stufflefield also received patents for radio transmitters in the United States.
The messages transmitted by radio waves are similar to long-short signals (Morse code). In the beginning, the signal generator was called "spark-gap machines" . It was developed to guide ships during docking or to keep in contact between ships. It's a way of transmitting signals between two points, but that's not the radio we see today.
The method of transmitting wireless signals by radio waves has proved its effectiveness in rescue and rescue in case of natural disasters. These wireless signal transmitters are installed on some ships.
In 1899, the US Navy established a wireless communication network between light ships off the island of Fire in New York State. Two years later, the US Navy officially adopted this radio radio communication system in the military, using it in parallel with video signal and pigeon communication.
In 1901, a telegraph service was established between five islands of the Hawaiian Islands. In 1903, the Marconi base station in Wellfleet, Massachusetts sent a welcome message from President Theodore Roosevelt to King Edward VII of England.
In 1905, reports of naval battles at Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War were transmitted via wireless telegraphy, and in 1906, the US Weather Forecast Department applied this method to improve the speed of weather forecast information transmission.