In 1928, Alexander Fleming, a scientist from Scottland, was experimenting with flu viruses. When he rummaged through the experimental plates full of different bacteria he discovered a strange thing.
A type of mold that attaches to one of the experimental plates seems to destroy the bacteria it touches. Or in modern interpretation, the mold contains antibiotic properties.
After years of searching for the "miraculous" remedy , Fleming naturally found it in the most accidental situation possible.
Penicillin, panacea actually changed the development process of all humanity
Just a few weeks later, the professor classified the mold and found it to be of the Penicillium strain. He named the disinfectant ingredient "Penicillin" . And from there the first antibiotic in the world was born.
Alexander Fleming - who found Penicillin antibiotic.
Just then, Fleming predicted the usefulness of antibiotics. But more specifically, right then, he understood the danger it could cause. In an essay after receiving the Nobel Prize in 1945 for his discovery of penicillin, Professor Fleming said:
"Unpredictable penicillin abusers will be morally responsible for the death of a person suffering from an infection caused by penicillin-resistant bacteria."
Twelve years after Fleming's discovery, scientists have refined and tested penicillin on successful people. The time of birth of antibiotics was also very convenient for treating infections for warriors during World War II.
Do not stop at infection wounds, penicillin also cures pneumonia, syphilis, tuberculosis, necrosis and diphtheria. Penicillin started the renaissance in the 20th century medical world.
Humanity does not celebrate long, antibiotics are double-edged knives
Penicillin became the reason why people slept at night. But it also brought the beginning of a dangerous historical period to mankind. The stage in which minor infections cannot be easily treated with the drugs we currently own.
McKenna is one of the biggest voices on the issue of antibiotic abuse at TED knowledge forum: "We have caused this effect for ourselves. The way we use antibiotics before Now when it comes to analysis it is surprising. "
According to her research in the United States, 50% of antibiotics sold at hospitals are unnecessary. Up to 45% of antibiotics prescribed by doctors are for diseases where antibiotics do not work. And here only the insurance facilities are counted.
Up to 80% of US antibiotics are sold to farm animals.
Most of the cattle and poultry on Earth are fed antibiotics to replenish their weight faster and at the same time protect them from diseases caused by bacteria. According to McKenna, up to 80% of US antibiotics are sold to farm animals.
People have received warnings and understood the consequences, it's time to think about the future
It is time for us to look at the numbers and decide the next direction. 80 years ago, the ancestor of antibiotics predicted that the future of antibiotics would bring people. And today, the danger we need is close to our heels.
In fact after the warning, even when he was alive, despite the advice, antibiotics were sold freely outside like a candy bar or a beer. Even today some antibiotics are still sold without a prescription from a doctor.
The time has come for countries to meet and make a disaster prevention plan for a future when antibiotics no longer protect us.