Unesco Scientific, Educational and Cultural Organization has recognized Ajanta Cave Temple of India as a World Cultural Heritage in 1983.
Ajanta Cave Temple is one of the greatest Buddhist legacies that remains today. The cave temple is hidden deep in the dense forest of Deccan plateau in India. During a very long time this cave has been completely forgotten.
In 1819 a group of Britons in their shooting trip in the area accidentally discovered the Ajanta cave system. It can be said that Ajanta cave complex is a precious relic representing the flourishing period of Buddhism in India.
View outside Ajanta cave temple in India
Ajanta cave temple is located on the middle of the mountain, underneath the cave is the winding Waghora river . The cave is arranged in the form of horseshoe-shaped, carved deep inside the vertical rock cliff 76m high. Ajanta Cave Ruins has all 30 caves, including Buddhist Cathedral and its surrounding areas. Archaeologists have marked the cave in numerical order. Ajanta caves are not built in a continuous period, so researchers divide caves according to the construction period. The cave complex was created in the early part of the second century BC including the cave of 8,9,10,12,13,15, bearing many colors of original Buddhism. The following cave complex was built in the V century, bringing new Buddhist colors and some still unfinished caves. Although there are still many incomplete places, the cave temple is still one of the great works created by human hands. One of the special features of this cave complex is a huge number of Buddhist sculptures. This is considered the most beautiful painting works of Buddhist art in India.
Unique and impressive architectural imprints in the caves of Ajanta cave temple
The Buddha worship caves in Ajanta are different in size, in which the largest cave has an area of about 16m, which is chiseled square. The construction of these pagodas is also very different, there are simple pagodas built but there are also elaborate and sophisticated pagodas. Some pagodas are created with domes but there are also pagodas. But the essential part that a temple must have is the place to worship Buddha. During the Vakataka period, places of worship of Buddha were less likely to be built because the places with spacious grounds were often used as accommodation and gathering of believers. build more. The places of Buddhist worship are often built on the back of the cliff at the center of the temple and on each place of worship often places a stone Buddha statue. Not only the caves, Ajanta is especially famous for its frescoes and cave walls. Altogether, Ajanta has 500 shots. Painting colors are made from minerals and substances of plant origin, so they are both harmonious and contrasting, but still fresh through thousands of years. The whole picture is focused on expressing the life of the Buddha and demonstrating his precursor stories (in which many lives are animals, many lives are people with modest backgrounds). Therefore, although they are associated with the Buddhist theme, the paintings are not only limited to the monastic life but embrace the larger reality: both the court life and the lives of many people in the rural town. neighbors, the world of birds, flowers and the world of fairies and divine creatures on heaven. A life of excitement, excitement and passion. The girls in Ajanta paintings are shown very charming with soft curves, vivid charisma in each eye, each passionate and shy lips. The skilled artisans take advantage of the distribution of light to the viewer when moving positions can see characters in the picture like blinking, laughing, very lively. It can be said that the Buddhist art used the beauty of the material world as a means to guide the aspirations of believers with the spiritual beauty of its strong enlightenment in the very message of the Enlightenment. Our enlightened call to overpower, overcome the temptations of temptation. Overcoming the illusion forms, the false pretense of beauty, we will see the true beauty.
Long rows of hand-carved Buddha statues and large Buddha statues in the cave are marvelous works of Indian Buddhism.
If visiting Ajanta cave temple, visitors will have to be amazed at the magnificent scenery and the marvels here. Right from the first steps, visitors will be overwhelmed by the long line of Buddha images chiseled by hand in the front of the cave. Going deep into the cave, a historical story about the process of enlightenment, the Buddha's arduous cultivation will be expressed through a series of sculptures in the cave.
Among the artworks here are the works that have reached the pinnacle of beauty and become masterpieces. What is more impressive is the way in which ancient craftsmen created their works of art. According to some main materials and materials to make the main drawings are pebbles and vegetables. Vegetables are crushed to form a colloid, then crushed and filled with colorful pebbles to create a paint for these works. The materials studied and explored by the ancients have been proven and tested for hundreds of years, until today still retain its beauty. This adds to the historical and cultural value of Ajanta cave temple.