Ga Mia is a specialty breed originating in Duong Lam commune (Son Tay town, Hanoi) associated with typical locations of Doai such as Mia market, Mia pagoda.
In the past, this chicken was not only used for daily activities but also provided for all the important holidays in the year, even the elders chose the best ones to worship or worship at the communal house.
The standard appearance of the chicken Cane has plum plum feathers, and the female has dry banana leaf hair. In the group of large-bodied chicken breeds of Vietnam such as Dong Tao, Cane, Ho, fighting, Mong . the chicken Mia is considered to have beautiful carcasses and delicious quality.
If 10-15 years ago, people liked hybrid Cane chicken because of fast weight gain but now prefer pure Cane chicken because of better meat quality. There are many types of poultry breeds, but the most popular is grazing and selling grazing.
Chicken Cane is often raised and sold grazing. (Photo: Duong Dinh Tuong).
From 1-6 weeks of age, chickens are kept in a separate area by using 75W light bulbs for 1m 2 sheltered pen to keep heat. Depending on the outdoor temperature, increase or decrease the amount of heat by raising or lowering the height of the light bulb.
Farmers should pay attention, seeing chickens lying around the light bulb is cold, away from the light bulb is hot, lying in the corner of the barn is drafts and chickens can eat and drink comfortably at the appropriate temperature. Light up the night for chickens during this period to eat more food and keep warm and chase away other animals to attack.
After the stage of growing, it is possible to keep in a naturally ventilated barn with rice padding, padding from 21-18 m / m 2 (newly hatched to 3 weeks of age) and from 18-10 m / m 2 ( 4 - 8 weeks old). From the 9th week onwards, chickens began to be released into the garden when the weather was dry and warm, with a stocking density of 1.5 m 2 / head; This density decreases with age of the chickens. Surrounding areas are fenced or built.
Over 15 days, farmers can feed chickens by placing or hanging alternately between drinking troughs and garden troughs. Pay attention to emptying leftovers after every day and changing water for chickens regularly about 2 times / day. The behavior of chickens often prefer sand bathing, so they can build sand tanks for them to bath in the sand or put some troughs of sand, gravel or small stones around to feed them to help digest food better.
Chickens also prefer to sleep on high places at night to avoid enemies and avoid moisture to the feet, avoiding infection, so create some stacks of beans in bamboo and wooden cages but not too smooth. Staging the cage floor about 0.5 m, 0.3-0.4 m apart to prevent chickens from touching each other, dissecting each other and defecating each other.
In terms of food, after the harvest, the chicken can eat more green vegetables. If reared entirely with processed food, you can choose the Con Co bran. In the period of 1 - 21 days old, feeding pellet food, code C225A. In the period of 22 - 42 days of age, the feeding of pelleted feed is code C225B. Period of 43 days old - sell, feed pellet, code P223.
In addition to industrial food, rice, bran, paddy, and corn can be added as raw food and should be grown with earthworms or black soldier fly larvae as a rich source of protein and nutrients.
Like many other types of poultry, Cane chicken is most often sick, respiratory and digestive. Due to poor biosecurity conditions of the country, the animal husbandry area is often very close to residential areas, so the disease almost always exists.
Therefore, the use of mixed antibiotics in food to prevent disease became widespread and the consequences of widespread use of antibiotics such as drug resistance, product residues, cancer risk and other diseases.
In developed countries such as Europe, Japan, Australia, Canada, and South Korea, the use of antibiotics is prohibited. The trend of not using antibiotics in animal feed abroad is becoming widespread and the use of alternatives such as herbs is also being researched and applied.
In Vietnam, there has been almost no research on the production and use of herbal preparations in the prevention and treatment of respiratory syndrome in cattle and poultry.
Recently, Vietnam National University of Agriculture has studied a number of herbal preparations to reduce the use of antibiotics in prevention and treatment of respiratory syndrome for commercial Cane chickens.
Specifically, the poke scientists have produced guava leaf tea along with pomegranate powder . Materials needed include fresh guava leaves, water, and powdered fruit.
How to do the following:
Put 1kg of guava leaves in 10 liters of water to boil for 15 minutes, allow to cool and filter all the leaves, keeping only the water.
Dried fruit pulverized into powder stirring guava tea leaves at a dose of 2g / liter and then let the chicken drink freely. They have a pronounced effect on reducing the incidence of respiratory disease and diarrhea.