What part of the butterfly's taste is? Of course, butterflies do not use their tongue to taste food, but the taste of the butterfly lies in another special part.
When you eat your food, depending on its taste, you can quickly decide whether you like it or not. You can thank the taste buds on the tongue for the important aspect of enjoying life (and lucid discomfort)!
However, butterflies do not taste like mammals. The taste of butterflies is not in the mouth but in the mouth like a straw, through which they suck their food without chewing. If there is no such thing as a taste bud, how does a butterfly know what nectar is and what is not?
Butterflies can taste their food, but not through their mouth. Instead, the taste of butterflies is on the feet of butterflies ! An animal's paws that serve as taste buds sound ridiculous, which may be why researchers never even consider the possibility.
Butterflies do not use their tongue but use their feet to taste food.
Most early research in this area saw antennas or palpi, part of the butterfly's mouth, as the main taste organ. The thinking is that if humans and most other mammals have tongues to taste, a similar organ must serve the same function in insects.
Nature rarely works in a straightforward and predictable way. Only in the late 1800s did researchers begin to take an even more advanced approach to this problem. This is when they discovered that it is a foot, not a mouth , functions as a taste receptor in butterflies!
Insects are a group of different organisms, making it difficult to generalize a feature on all of them. Butterflies have mouths designed like straws, so they don't really have tongues. Such insects whose mouths are only designed to suck liquid are called haustellate insects .
Lepidoptera, the order in which butterflies and moths belong, and Diptera, the order in which flies belong, are both foot tasters. The taste buds are called contact chemoreceptors , taste receptors or basic senses in some documents.
These chemicals are attached to nerve endings. When chemicals in the surrounding insects come into contact with chemicals, they activate nerves, which transmit information to the insect's brain.
In butterflies, these chemicals are located on tarsus. Insect legs are divided into different segments, as the picture below shows. The tarsus is located far away, that is, away from the body.
Just as humans can taste the sweetness of sugar and the bitterness of medicine, insects can also sense different flavors! They can perceive the sweetness, bitterness, sourness and salinity through the chemicals.
Butterflies have haustellate mouths, they only drink liquid in the form of nectar, sap .
Now that we know how butterflies taste their food, the natural question is how do they eat it? As mentioned before, butterflies have haustellate mouths. They really can't chew or bite food, so they only drink liquids in the form of nectar, sap, fruit juice and some minerals.
Haustellate mouthparts is an adaptation from the mouth used for chewing, called mouth Mandibulation . All primitive insects have obligatory mouths, because they have large tangerines to crush their food. As insects grow, they develop different types of mouths to adapt to the environment and dietary needs.
New butterflies often curl up and untangle their proboscis to inspect it. When the hose is not in use, it still curls up, just like a garden hose.
Butterflies mostly eat nectar or pollen. They perish on the flower, take off their proboscis and suck on delicious fruit juice, but that's not the only thing they eat.
Butterflies show a special relationship with mud. This behavior, called a puddle or mud puddle, is most often seen in male butterflies, mainly in the tropics, although it also occurs in more temperate regions.
Male butterflies congregate in puddles because it is an excellent source of minerals necessary for healthy sperm. These nutrients are delivered to the female during mating and help improve egg survival.
A particularly valuable mineral is sodium . Because plant nectar is deficient in sodium, many insects in the plant diet are constantly starving for sodium. This is why many butterflies are attracted to sweat, feces or even carrion. Also, any water near the puddle can allow the butterfly to cool down in hot and dry weather.
If you're sitting in a park or garden on a sunny day and a butterfly happens to land on you, many will treat it as a compliment and a sweet little greeting, but in truth, the butterfly may just be Attracted by salt and sweat on your skin!