The United Nations Science, Education and Cultural Organization has recognized Indonesia's Ujung Kulun National Park as the world's natural heritage in 1991.
Ujung Kulun National Park is located on the southwestern tip of Java Island before the Sunda continental shelf, including the Ujung Kulon Peninsula and some of Krakatoa's islands and nature reserves. In addition to its natural and geological beauty, Ujung Kunlun Park receives the special attention of volcanic studies, which is the largest remaining volcanic area of the thermal forest in Java. A number of endangered species of plants and animals are also found here, including the Javan rhino - an endangered rhino.
Ujung Kulon is a triangular peninsula protruding from the extreme southwest of Java island. The three west, south and north are the three ridges of the Gunung Payung massif, with Gunung Payung and Gunung peaks. The coast running north of the peninsula has white sand strips that feature large coral reefs. The vegetation here has changed a lot due to human influence and volcanic eruption in 1883. Currently the number of remaining vegetation accounts for only 50% of the total area and remains mostly at Mount Payung. Gunung and Honje. While Alang is a seasonally submerged freshwater swamp forest, mangroves reside in a large belt that runs along the coast.
Not only has a rich flora, special geological floor, Ujung Kulun National Park is also known as a haven for rare rhino - Java. About 40 years ago, this rhino was discovered at the park and so far they are endangered by indiscriminate hunting. This species of Javan rhino is only found in several locations around the world including Vietnam . Sadly, however, in 2010, Vietnam's last one-horned rhino was killed. In addition, the park is also home to many other remarkable mammals including carnivores like leopard, wild dogs, leopard, wild cats, gibbons, monkeys. In addition, some ungulates are found here such as bison, deer . Ujung Kulun National Park is also home to many birds, with up to 270 recorded species living in the area. this nature. Amphibians such as pythons, crocodiles and green sea turtles also come there to live.
The coral reefs of Ujung Kulon Park's coastline are extremely rich and unique. These reefs are home to many small fish species that make the island's ecosystem more abundant. Ujung Kulun National Park has a total area of 1,206 km2 and is recognized by Unesco as a World Natural Heritage in 1991. Along with Komodo National Park, Lorentz National Park, Ujung Kulun Park is a place of interest 3 of Indonesia was awarded a certificate by the Unesco to recognize the World Natural Heritage.